Some films. His style has established him among an elite class of directors known as auteurs. Jefferies, played by James Stewart in Rear Window, both become entangled with the law. The scene in which Tippi Hedren’s character, Melanie Daniels is pecked almost to death in The Birds coincidentally takes place after nightfall, in the bedroom, in the wake of a power cut. Assignment 1 of 1. This apparent obsession with the law is deeply rooted in Hitchcock’s childhood when as “a child of five [his] father sent [him] with a note to the local chief police” and he “was placed in a cell for five minutes” as explained by Hitchcock himself in an interview shown on Monitor in 1964 with Huw Wheldon. Assignment 1 of 1. Author Matthew Bannister named him the first "star" producer. The journal during this period aimed to legitimise cinema as an art form, locate a films artistic quality through configuration of cinematic devices, conceptualise the director above all other creative forces and make distinctions between functionally competent directors, known as mettuers-en-scene, and those directors who demonstrate a strong artistic signature that unifies their films, gaining them auteur status and Hitchcock was the perfect contender for each of these categories. The emergence of the auteur theory as a critical method of analysing directors and their work was born in 1950’s post-World War II France, where Paris became the epicentre of youthful rebellion and where the sudden craving for anarchy and desire for the oppositional was rife. The idea that studying a director and his or her work can make you better also came out of it. The auteur theory (French for “author”) imagines the director as the single creator of a film, the same way that we might call James Joyce the author of Ulysses or Hieronymous Bosch the creator of The Garden of Earthly Delights. Similarly, Jefferies adopts the nicknames ‘Miss Torso’ and ‘Miss Lonelyhearts’ for his female neighbours, both of while focus on the physical aspects of the women. Listen to director's commentary on the DVDs. From the 1960s, record producer Phil Spector is considered the first auteur among producers of popular music. The Auteur Theory The Auteur Theory originated in France in the 1950s and promoted by a man called Francois Truffant wrote a essay which was entitled 'A Certain Tendency in French Cinema'.In this essay he claimed that film was a great medium for expressing the personal ideas of the director and suggested that the director should be regarded as an Auteur. In the same interview with Wheldon, when questioned on the origin of his warped state of mind, Hitchcock also describes how the “fright complex is rooted in everyone” and his complex stems from when his mother “scared him when [he] was three months old, she said ‘boo’, it gave [him] hiccups and she was apparently very satisfied”. The French experiment was also, in many ways, a grand failure, and its failures were also Hitchcock’s. After the auteur theory and Hitchcock’s critical acclaim became legend, the director rose to the top of the pecking order and multiple super-directors emerged in the 1960s. His most famous films are V ertigo, Psycho, The Birds and Rear Window. Voyeurism and female objectification are themes that are laced throughout Psycho, The Birds and Vertigo as the plots oscillate between voyeurism and fetishistic fascination. ... Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. 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