At 40.23 carats, it was named “Uncle Sam.” More than 33,100 diamonds have been found by park visitors since the Crater of Diamonds became an Arkansas state park in 1972. Culture. The Presidential Clinton Library in Little Rock is a major tourist attraction. Arkansas - Arkansas - History: Arkansas’s earliest inhabitants included indigenous hunting-and-gathering peoples whose cultures flourished about 500 ce. The name Arkansas comes from an Indian word that means down-stream people. Its name is an Algonquian name of the Quapaw Indians. By Jamie Kiffel-Alcheh Arkansas MC Mocktalk the northern mockingbird shows Barry the bald eagle around Arkansas, known as the Natural State. In 1957, for the first time in the history of the state, nine African Americans were inducted into Little Rock Central High School. Did you know that from 1874 to 1967, every Arkansas governor was a member of the Democratic Party? [7], 23. Arkansas’s most important crop is rice. However, some historical records suggest that rice was grown in some parts of Arkansas prior to the Civil War. The land of the Hot Springs National Park was set aside by the federal government for its use as an area for recreation. Come learn about the geography, symbols, history, and unique features of 'The Natural State' in this lesson! It is the 33rd most populous state in the United States. Before Arkansas was a state, Arkansas was home to only 400 residents and around 60 buildings. Meteorites (the oldest known objects on the planet) weighing a couple of pounds or more fall within Arkansas about every year or two. Arkansas has a rich and unique culture unlike that of any other state in the southern region of the United States. Facts about Little Rock Arkansas 4: the history of Little Rock. It was designated in 1987. The design for the state flag of Arkansas was chosen by contest in 1913, and honors the state’s diamond mining history by portraying the state’s name in the center of a diamond. 1821 - Little Rock becomes the capital. 1819 - The Arkansas Territory is established by the U.S. Congress. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. [8], 25. Did you know that diamonds are also Arkansas’ state gem? Did you know that the first WalMart was opened in 1962 by Sam Walton in Rogers, Arkansas? Read on to find out 10 of the most interesting facts about Arkansas history. Milk is the official state beverage. Arkansas became the 25th state to enter the Union in 1836. The South Arkansas vine ripe pink tomato is the official state fruit and blossom. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. Its name is from the Osage language, of Siouan derivation; it denoted their related kin, the Quapaw people. History. The Caddo, Osage, and Quapaw are the three native tribes that lived in the Arkansas region. [12], 28. It is situated in the Arkansas River valley.[1]. Annual Reports Arkansas Fact Sheets Bulletins County Geologic Reports Educational Workshop Series Geologic Field Books Guide Books Industrial Mineral Reports Information Circulars Miscellaneous Publications Open-File Reports Roadside Geology Series State Park Series USGS Grants Water Circulars Water Summaries A major tributary of the Mississippi River, the Arkansas River generally flows to the east and southeast, through the states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas.At 1,469 miles long, it is the sixth longest river in the United States and the second-longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri system. Lafayette County (545 sq mi) is the smallest county in Arkansas. Arkansas Historical Quarterly is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal, issued quarterly by the Arkansas Historical Association, that “covers economic, political, and cultural history of Arkansas from pre-history to contemporary issues.” (description from Ulrichsweb) The honeybee is the Arkansas state insect. Rice production is a billion dollar industry in Arkansas. Arkansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase between the United States and France. Flickr/Jimmy Emmerson DVM. We invite you to come and visit Arkansas and check out the beauty for yourself. The poultry industry is one of the largest private employers in the state. [10], 27. The Mockingbird is also the state bird of Texas, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Florida. Did you know that Arkansas was ranked number 8th on the list of the states with most underprivileged children? See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. According to the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, the highest temperature ever recorded happened on Aug. 10, 1936, with a whopping 120 degrees in Ozark. Did you know that the website of Arkansas Space Observatory is one of the world’s most visited space resources today? This event marked an important milestone in the nation’s civil rights movement. 21. Arkansas is also the only state in North America where you can find a diamond field. [26], 3. We have 5 guest suites each complete with private bathroom, seasonal fireplace, and whirlpool tub. Arkansas is the 25th state of the United States. Early efforts to integrate freed slaves largely failed. Geographically located north of Louisiana and flanked on the east by the Mississippi River’s west bank, the development of the state of Arkansas spanned three centuries. Mount Magazine at 2,753 feet is the highest point in the state. 40. A farm in Lavaca has a silo painted into a giant Budweiser beer can. 11. [9,22], 6. The state is also home to some 300 native species of birds including bald eagles, blue jays, flycatchers and more. The name Arkansas is derived from the word. Arkansas joined the Confederacy in 1861, but from 1863 the northern part of the state was occupied by Union troops. About half of Arkansas is covered under forest. In Dover, Arkansas, there is an operational double-decker outhouse at the Booger Hollow Trading Post.. General Douglas MacArthur, soldier and statesman, was born in Little Rock in 1880. Arkansas got its name from French settlers in the region. In June of 1836, Arkansas became a state. The first Arkansas State Highway Commission was appointed in 1913.[11]. facts about arkansas history 1836 - Arkansas becomes the 25th U.S. state. Did you know that Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto was the first European to reach Arkansas in 1541? Calhoun County (5,368) is the least populated county in Arkansas. There was also a road built between Little Rock and Memphis which also helped the city grow. Fur trader Henri de Tonty, the Father of Arkansas, founded the first European Settlement on the Arkansas River. 5. The state flag has 25 stars on it to symbolize Arkansas becoming the 25th state. As the end of the Civil War drew near in 1865, many freed slaves left their plantations to join the Union army as it pushed through Georgia. With the conclusion of the Civil War in 1865, the onslaught of the Reconstruction days, as they were called, commenced and many prominent changes occurred. Arkansas First Early Inhabitants Timeline. The Pine tree is Arkansas’s state tree. [2], 2. Established near the mouth of the Arkansas River in 1686, Arkansas Post was the first permanent white settlement in the state.. County Population Facts. 1836 - Arkansas becomes the 25th U.S. state. Arkansas is also a leader in the production of cotton, rice, and soybeans. The state is the leading producer of rice and provides 46% of the country’s supply. The Little Rock Central High School and Quapaw Quarter are … Arkansas City Facts. 1804 - Arkansas is part of the Louisiana Territory. We look forward to seeing you soon. Arkansas Fun Facts. Arkansas (/ ˈ ɑːr k ən s ɔː /) is a state in the south central United States, home to more than three million people as of 2018. It is bordered by Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, Oklahoma to the west, Missouri to the north, as well as Tennessee and Mississippi on the east. 29. From how the state got its nickname to how Little Rock became the capital, it all dates back to the early 1800’s. [1,13], 16. It shares its border with six states (Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri.) [6], 4. Willie Kavanaugh Hocker designed the flag with its outer diamond, 25 white stars and 4 blue stars within the diamond. The Mississippi River is the second-longest river in the United States. The diamond mine is the only in the world that allows the public to keep what they find. He served two terms as the governor of the state. The school previously allowed only white students to attend. Bill Clinton was the governor of Arkansas before becoming the president of the U.S. Before Arkansas was a state, it became a separate territory in 1819. The beautiful Apple Blossom has pink and white petals with green leaves. 12. Arkansas is home to the first piece of land protected by the … In the early 20th century, ostrich racing was a popular sport at Cockburn’s Ostrich Farm in Hot Springs. Arkansas History. Arkansas is actually a large producer of honey and in 2001, was ranked 8. One of the distinctive features of these communities was their use of bluff shelters for seasonal or other short-term residence. It has over 600,000 acres of lakes. The Arkansas River is the longest stream to flow into the Mississippi-Missouri river system. Arkansas is the only US State that produces diamonds. [9], 8. [1], 14. Can you locate Arkansas on this printable map of America?Arkansas is home to plenty of natural areas, with a wide range of landscapes to explore. In the 1980’s the state was given the nickname by the Arkansas Parks System. Each morning begins with a gourmet breakfast to start your day off on the right foot. Forty Acres And A Mule? The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Request your free vacation guide to Eureka Springs. The name Arkansas came from the Quapaw Indians, by way of early French explorers. The state is known for its beautiful lakes, rivers, and hot springs. alone. Check American slavery facts here. history.com. 1861 - Arkansas secedes from the Union and becomes a member of the Confederate States of America. [5], 24. However, it is also one of the most generous states. In 1973, Act 49 of the state General Assembly thought that the hardworking honeybee represented the people of Arkansas. Facts about Arkansas 4: the economy today. Arkansas is the Natural State indeed. The Apple Blossom is the Arkansas state flower. P. In the past, the people relied their life on the plantation. The state also generates its own nuclear and hydroelectric power for the purpose. Get facts and photos about the 25th state. 39. Let's delve into the history of Arkansas and learn how this great state got its name and other fascinating facts! Miller County was formed in 1820 in the Arkansas Territory; it was named in honor General James Miller, Arkansas' first territorial governor and a general during the War of 1812.Miller County was formed although there was considerable uncertainty as to the location of the boundary between the county (and the United States) and the Mexican boundary (Mexico then included Texas). More Arkansas History Firsts & State Facts. [1], 15. Except for Hawaii and Louisiana, Arkansas is the smallest state west of the Mississippi River. Did you know that Little Rock (the state’s capital) derives its name from a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River called the “Little Rock”.[14]. In June of 1836, Arkansas became a state. It lies in the southeastern region of the United States. All Rights Reserved. [1], 19. Symbolizing the becoming of Arkansas as the 25th state of the union, Arkansas state flag has 25 stars. 1868 - Arkansas is readmitted to the Union. Little Rock became the capital in 1836. The 25 white stars represent Arkansas being the 25. Despite the immense resources, Arkansas is one of the poorest states in the union. [23], 7. [1], 10. Arkansas is home to 4 species of the pine including the Shortleaf pine, Loblolly pine, Longleaf pine, and Slash pine. [26] Arkansas – Quick facts and State symbols Arkansas is officially known as The Natural State. In years past, Arkansas was a large producer of apples. Here Arsenic and Old Lace we are set in the Ozark Mountains of Eureka Springs. Rice, soybeans, and wheat are some of the important crops from the region. The design of the Arkansas state flag was actually the result of a contest. If you’ll be traveling to the area for the first time, be sure to download our free Vacation Guide before you arrive. There are so many interesting facts about Arkansas around this period in history that it's worth a trip to some of the region's museums for a broader illustration of the most notable events. Get our guide to the best of: Before Arkansas was a state, it became a separate territory in 1819. The state flower was established back in 1901. These ; Native Americans later were called the Quapaw, also called the Arkansaw. Arkansas (nicknamed: “the Natural State”, “Land of Opportunity”) has 75 counties. If you’ve ever wondered about Arkansas history, there are some pretty interesting facts about how the state of Arkansas came to be. Arkansas (AR): Map, Abbreviation, State, History and Facts Arkansas State. [4], 9. Read on to find out 10 of the most interesting facts about Arkansas history. The largest diamond ever discovered in North America was found in Crater of Diamonds State Park in 1924. are: Little Rock (196,188) is in Pulaski County Its total length is 1,450 miles. It is interesting to note here that Walmart employes a staggering 2.3 million associates around the world, out of which 1.5 million are employed in the U.S. 22. Arkansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase between the United States and France. The word “Arkansas” is pronounced with a silent “s” at the end. The Gulf Coastal Plain is an area of relatively gently sloping terrain extending across the southern portion of the United States from Texas to Georgia. Clay. After it returned to the union, the economic and social life was down in Arkansas because the people relied so much on the plantation and slavery. [1], 17. Food products are the state's largest employing sector, with lumber and wood products a close second. During the American Civil War, Arkansas was one of the Confederate states, however, it was the second state to be put back in to the U.S. in the Reconstruction.. Geography [10], 26. It lies in the southeastern region of the United States. This was done to promote tourism in the state.”. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous and the 29th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. Interestingly, a 13-year-old girl from Missouri found a 2.93-carat diamond in Crater of Diamonds State Park. Other nicknames in the past have included the Wonder State, Rackensack, the Bear State and the Toothpick State. Tyson Foods, Inc., was one of the most important manufacturing firms in Arkansas. The state changed its nickname from “Land of Opportunity” to “The Natural State” in 1995. Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. The observatory began in 1971 and it was established by P. Clay Sherrod and his brother, Brian Sherrod. The state’s capital is Little Rock. It is the oldest park maintained by the National Park Service. The land rose during periods of tectonic uplift, and water in the Gulf of Mexico retreated to near its present position. The racial divides in the United States have a long and troubled history, beginning with slavery in the American colonies and continuing today, with police violence against African Americans and ensuing riots. The honeybee has great attention to detail and works hard on crop pollination. No doubt, Arkansas is the largest producer of rice among the 50 states. If you are interested to know more about the history of Little Rock, you may come to the historic neighborhoods, historic districts and history museums. President Clinton was one of the most popular presidents in modern history and has since brought a lot of clout and development to his home state. As of 1 January 2018, the population of Arkansas was estimated to be 3,004,279. Elevations in the state range from 54 feet above sea level in the far southeast corner to 2,753 feet above at Mount Magazine, the state's highest point. With these facts about Arkansas, let us learn more about its history, geography, people, economy and more. In some years, the company became one of the largest poultry and meat processing firm in the world. Rice production reportedly began in Arkansas in 1902 with one acre of rice grown in Lonoke County. The explorers met a group of Indians, known as the Ugakhpah, which means "people who live downstream.". Bring history and geography to life with Time4Learning’s interactive online social studies curriculum for grades 2-12.. Geographical Facts About Arkansas. Brutal Facts About Arkansas’ Elaine Massacre. The state attained statehood on June 15, 1836, becoming the 25th state to join the union. The Arkansas state bird is the Mockingbird and has been since 1929. Arkansas is a state located in the Southern region of the United States. History. Interestingly, it is against state law to mispronounce the word “Arkansas” while in the state. Cephas Washburn established Dwight Mission near Russellville as a school for Cherokee youth at … The Arkansas state musical instrument is the fiddle. [1], 13. Arkansas’s 10 largest cities (2010.) Fun Facts. iStock 17. It was covered by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico until about 50 million years ago. Tourists really liked it, so it stuck. [1], 20. The town quickly grew and soon had the Arkansas Gazette, schools, and churches. 30. Arkansas imports a lot of coal from Wyoming and thus uses it for producing energy to meet the demand of its inhabitants. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Little Rock is Arkansas’s state capital. 1. 12. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous and the 29th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. It was designated in 1985. Arkansas is known as The Natural State but has not always been referred to as that. The name Arkansas is derived from the word acansaw which means downstream place. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. 10,000 BC - The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Pulaski County (382,748) is the most populated county in Arkansas. Arkansas - Location in the US Earliest Residents. The state tree was established in 1939 by the General Assembly. Arkansas-native Hattie Caraway was the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate in November 1932. We’ve got 2.5 million acres of national forest, fifty state parks, seven national scenic byways, and three state scenic byways. 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