[123], This article is about the municipal corporation in Tamil Nadu, India. Thanjavur (Tamil: [taɲdʑaːʋuːɾ]), formerly Tanjore,[1] is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Farmers also grow coconut and sugarcane and it is the largest producer of coconut in Tamil Nadu. Thanjavur is situated in the Cauvery delta, at a distance of 314 km (195 mi) south-west of Chennai and 56 km (35 mi) east of Tiruchirappalli. Thanjavur is a town in Tamil Nadu, India. The British referred to the city as Tanjore in their records. Sugarcane and peanuts (groundnuts) are grown in addition to rice; grain processing is a significant industry. The Brihadeeswarar Temple was completed in around 1010 in the southeastern part of the new capital Thanjavur constructed in the basin of the Kaveri (Cauvery) River by the king of the Chola Dynasty, Rajaraja I (r. 985-1014).It has also been called Rajarajesvara Temple after the king’s name. Name the river which was flowed near Thanjavur. It was the capital of earlier Chola Kingdom. This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 05:40. [24][25] To the south of Thanjavur city, is the Vallam tableland, a small plateau interspersed at regular intervals by ridges of sandstone. Kaveri River and its tributaries are the main source of irrigation in Thanjavur district. Locals say that the city gets its name from ‘Than-sei-oor’, which means a place surrounded by rivers and green paddy fields. [119] There are a total of 9,745 street lamps: 492 sodium lamps, 2,061 mercury vapour lamps, 7,180 tube lights and twelve high mast beam lamps. Question 3. Who built Raj arajeshvara temple? Answer: Rajarajeshvara temple built by King Rajaraja Chola. [73][74] The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport. Pop. [105] Some special units include prohibition enforcement, district crime, social justice and human rights, district crime records and a special branch that operates at the district level police division headed by a Superintendent of Police (SP). [11][18] Thanjavur Nayaks were notable for their patronage of literature and arts. Summer rains are sparse and the first monsoon, the South-West monsoon, commences in June and continues till September. [8][16] Sevappa Nayak (1532–80), the Vijayanagar viceroy of Arcot, established himself as an independent monarch in 1532 (1549, according to some sources) and founded the Thanjavur Nayak kingdom. Most of the idols present in the gallery were collected from various temples in the Thanjavur district. [25], Fall of yellow rain reeking of burning sulphur on the 24th May, 1957, in a village near Tanjore. [55], Thanjavur is an important centre of silk weaving in Tamil Nadu. Under the British, Thanjavur emerged as an important regional centre. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Thanjavur-India. (2001) 215,314; (2011) 222,943. Corrections? Its headquarters is Thanjavur. NH-136: Thanjavur - Ariyalur - Perambalur. North-East monsoon begins October and continues till January. Ideal River View Resort in Tanjore - Best Price (Room Rates) Guarantee Book online INR 330 OFF! Several hundreds of years ago Tanjore was initially developed and maintained by Chola dynasty (சோழர்) with rigorous hardwork and for selfless bhakti , love towards Bhagwan Shiv. [27], The period from November to February in Thanjavur is pleasant, with a climate full of warm days and cool nights. Thanjavur District is in … During the 2000–01 period, a total of 31 million litres of water was supplied every day for households in the city. [81], On 10 April 2013, the state government announced in the Assembly that Thanjavur municipality will be upgraded to a Municipal corporation. Industries include cotton milling, traditional hand-loom weaving, and the manufacture of vinas (south Indian stringed instruments). Kalamalla stone inscription (the first stone inscription) was done by Renati Chola king Erikal Muthuraju Dhanunjaya Varma of 575 CE[citation needed] According to local legend, the word Thanjavur is derived from "Tanjan", an asura (giant) in Hindu mythology who was killed in what is now Thanjavur by the Hindu god Neelamegha Perumal, a form of Vishnu. [61] Thanjavur, city, eastern Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India. Brahadeeswara Temple Photo by Raj, CC BY 2.0 The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport, located at a distance of 56 km (35 mi). The major occupation of the inhabitants of the city is tourism and service-oriented industry, while the traditional occupation is agriculture. The municipality of Tanjore was created in 1866 as a third grade municipality as per Town Improvements Act 1865 and initially consisted of 12 members. [45] Carnatic music was codified in Thanjavur and the art flourished during the Nayak rule in the 16th century. Thanjavur has a well-maintained sub-urban public transport system. Organic farming is gradually becoming known to the farmers of Thanjavur. [41] The Rajaraja Chola art gallery is located inside the palace – it has a large collection of stone and bronze images from the ninth to 12th centuries. [111] St. Peter's Higher Secondary School at Thanjavur was established by Rev. What does thanjavur mean? Kallanai is also known as the “Grand Anicut”.It is one of the oldest irrigation dams in the world built around 2000 years ago.It is the world ancient first dam which is built In Running water across the Kaveri River in Trichy District in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India.. The city acts as a focal point for food grains transported from the adjoining areas of the Cauvery Delta. Deva Raya's inscription dated 1443, Thirumala's inscription dated 1455 and Achuta Deva's land grants dated 1532 and 1539 attest Vijayanagar's dominance over Thanjavur. Thanjavur is an important center of South Indian religion, art, and architecture. It lies in the Kaveri (Cauvery) River delta, about 30 miles (50 km) east of Tiruchchirappalli. [8][9] During the first decade of the eleventh century, the Chola king Raja Raja Chola I (985–1014) constructed the Brihadeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur. Composite Thanjavur District with its fertile soil is one of the largest paddy cultivation area not only in Tamilnadu but also in South India. [113], Electricity supply to Thanjavur is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). Thananjaya(Dhananjaya)+Oor=Thanjavur. [35][36] Built in the 11th century by the Chola king Raja Raja Chola I (985–1014), the temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. [60], As of 2008, a total 2,013.34 ha (4,975.1 acres) (55.4%) of the land was used for residential, 11.32 ha (28.0 acres) (3.06%) for commercial, 82.68 ha (204.3 acres) (2.28%) for industrial, 320.2 ha (791 acres) (8.81%) for public & semi public, 108.11 ha (267.1 acres) (2.98%) for educational and 996.85 ha (2,463.3 acres) (27.47%) for agriculture. List of all towns and Villages in Thanjavur Taluka of Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu. 222 squadron of the IAF's Sukhoi Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft - the first IAF fighter squadron in Tamil Nadu. The city is connected with Nagapattinam, Thiruvarur, Chennai, Coimbatore, Erode, Karur, Tirupur, Vellore, Perambalur, Ariyalur, Mysuru, Salem, Cuddalore, Viluppuram, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai, Karaikal, Mannargudi, Thiruthuraipoondi, Vedaranyam, Pattukkottai, Dindigul, Oddanchatram, Palani, Pudukkottai, Karaikudi, Tirunelveli, Bengaluru, Ernakulam, Nagercoil, Tirupathi, Trivandrum and Ooty through regular bus services. It is now a tourist centre. Thanjavur Air Force Station (IATA: TJV, ICAO: VOTJ) of the Indian Air Force (IAF) is located in Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu, India.It is home to a No. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [66] The Great South Indian Railway Company (GSIR) operated a broad gauge rail service between Nagapattinam and Tiruchirapalli via Thanjavur between 1861 and 1875. [91], Law and order in the city is maintained by the Thanjavur subdivision of the Tamil Nadu Police, headed by a Deputy Superintendent (DSP). [117] The corporation maintains a total of 155 km (96 mi) of storm water drains: 53.27 km (33.10 mi) surfaced drains and 101.73 km (63.21 mi) unlined drains. [63] With the expansion of the city area, the opportunities for agriculture is limited and only 7% of the population is involved in it. Thanjavur is located at 10°48′N 79°09′E / 10.8°N 79.15°E The tributaries of river Cauvery, namely, the Grand Anaicut canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and Vennaaru rivers flow through the city. All these banks have their automated teller machines located in various parts of the city. It was originally constructed by the rulers of the Thanjavur Nayak kingdom and after their fall, it served as the official residence of the Thanjavur Marathas. Listen our video to compare your pronunciation! This grand temple was built under Rajendra Chola I … Thanjavur is also famous for the 'Thalaiyatti bommai' or 'Dancing dolls' which is a doll made from clay, wood or plastic. Watch how to say and pronounce "thanjavur"! The city along with its suburbs is a part of Trichy Electricity Distribution Circle. The art is usually a combination of raised and painted surfaces, with the Hindu god Krishna being the most popular image depicted. [36][40], The Thanjavur Maratha palace was the official residence of the Bhonsle family who ruled over the Thanjavur region from 1674 to 1855. All these departments are under the control of a Municipal Commissioner who is the supreme executive head. It dates back to about the 1600s, the period of Nayakas of Thanjavur, who encouraged art, classical dance and music literature, both in Telugu and Tamil. Thanjavur District is in the east coast of Tamil Nadu. Enjoy the spa at this 3.5-star Thanjavur hotel. Information and translations of thanjavur in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. There are three seasons for agriculture in Thanjavur – Kuruvai (June to September), Samba (August to January) and Thaladi (September, October to February, March). [104], Thanjavur has a total of four Universities, namely the Periyar Maniammai Institute of Science & Technology, PRIST University, SASTRA University and Tamil University. Ekoji founded the Thanjavur Maratha kingdom which ruled Thanjavur till 1855. For its namesake district, see, "Tanjore" redirects here. [107][108], Thanjavur has a total of 15 arts, science & management colleges and nine engineering colleges. Reference [ … [116] The underground drainage system covers 70% of the city and the remaining sewerage system for disposal of sullage is through septic tanks, open drains and public conveniences. Why was Thanjavur famous? Let’s look at the top 7 places to visit in Thanjavur– 1. [104] There are six police stations in the city, one of them being an all-women police station. As of 2011, Thanjavur district had a population of 2,405,890 with a sex-ratio of 1,035 females for every 1,000 males. [88][78] M. Karunanidhi, who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for a record five terms, was elected from the Thanjavur assembly constituency in the 1962 elections. The Thanjavur district level police administration is headed by a Deputy Inspector General of Police, whose office is located in the city. The kingdom was eventually absorbed into British India in 1855 by the Doctrine of Lapse when Shivaji II (1832–55), the last Thanjavur Maratha ruler, died without a legitimate male heir. [16] The Sultanate extended its authority directly over the conquered regions from 1311 to 1335 and then through the semi-independent Ma'bar Sultanate from 1335 to 1378. Definition of thanjavur in the Definitions.net dictionary. Thanjavur District is one of the 38 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. Thanjavur is the headquarters of the Thanjavur District. The river Arasalar (Tamil: அரசலாறு) is a river that flows through Tamil Nadu and Pudducherry, and a tributary of Kaveri river which splits into 5 different rivers when it enters into Thanjavur district from Trichy.It separates from river Kaveri in the place near Pullambadi where the Kaveri is stopped by Lower Anaicut and from Thiruvaiyaru. [42] Over eighty per cent of its manuscripts are in Sanskrit and many of them are on palm leaves. Use the map to find hotels in the Thanjavur neighborhood you prefer; Use the filters to see hotels in a specific area of Thanjavur, select a specific theme, brand, or hotel class from basic (1 Star) to luxury hotels (5 Stars) in Thanjavur; Enter your travel dates to view the best deals on hotels in Thanjavur - … Most of the Great Living Chola Temples, which are UNESCO World Heritage Monuments, are located in and around Thanjavur. [62] The workforce is predominantly involved in service industry involving trade and commerce. Roadways are the major means of transportation, while the city also has rail connectivity. The total area of the city is 36.33 km2 (14.03 sq mi). [21] After India's independence, Thanjavur continued as the district headquarters. When the Chola Empire began to decline in the 13th century, the Pandyas from the south invaded and captured Thanjavur twice, first during 1218–19 and then during 1230. The total percentage of land fit for cultivation is 58%. Though agriculture is the main economic activity, only 7% of the population is involved in it. Updates? An approximate time-scale of Thanjavur rulers. [6] His son Aditya I (871–901) consolidated the hold over the city. Get Thanjavur River Map, showing all rivers flowing in district from start to end location also see the places situated at bank of rivers. [72] The IAF will base a squadron of its Sukhoi Su-30 Supermaneuverability Fighter aircraft at Thanjavur, making it the first fighter squadron in Tamil Nadu. The Maratha rulers patronized Carnatic music. The region around present day Thanjavur was conquered by the Mutharayars during the sixth century, who ruled it up to 849. In 1861 the Great Southern Railway of India built the 125 km (78 mi) long 1,676 mm ( 5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge line between Nagapattinam and Tiruchirapalli (then known as Trichinopoly) and the line was … The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport, located 59.6 km (37.0 mi) away from the city. [21] Modern day Thanjavur railway junction has three rail heads leading to Tiruchirapalli, Kumbakonam and Thiruvarur. [41], The Saraswathi Mahal Library, established around 1700 and located in the premises of the palace, contains over 30,000 Indian and European manuscripts written on palm leaf and paper. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. There were 200 silk weaving units in the city in 1991 with around 80,000 people working in them. Manufacture of musical instruments like veena, tambura, violin, mrithamgam, thavil and kanjira is another economic activity in the city. Thiruvarur was a part of Thanjavur district till 1991. The nearest seaport is Karaikal, which is 94 km (58 mi) away from Thanjavur. deal and discounts with lowest price on Resort Booking. Apart from telecom, BSNL also provides broadband internet service. In the early 1990s, Thanjavur was connected with Chennai via the Vayudoot flight service, which was stopped due to poor patronage. [71] However, the establishment and activation of air base has been delayed as of March 2013. [56] The city produces bell metal craft like Thanjavur metal plates, bronze images bowls, napkins and powder boxes made of copper and bronze. Thanjavur Nayak kingdom - The Thanjavur Nayak kingdom or Thanjavur Nayak dynasty were the rulers of Thanjavur principality of Tamil Nadu in the 16th and 17th centuries. [8][11] The Marathas exercised their sovereignty over Thanjavur throughout the last quarter of the 17th and the whole of the 18th century. [55], All major nationalised banks such as State Bank of India, Indian Bank, Central Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Indian Overseas Bank and private banks like ICICI Bank, City Union Bank have their branches in Thanjavur. [114] Water supply is provided by the Thanjavur Corporation from the Vadavar Canal, supplied through overhead tanks located in various parts of the city. It is replicated in the Gangaikonda Cholesvarar Temple constructed by Raja Raja's son Rajendra Chola I (1012–44). [citation needed], The Cholas came to prominence once more through the rise of the Medieval Chola monarch Vijayalaya (841–878) in about 850. There are frequent passenger trains from the city to towns like Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Karaikal, Tiruchirapalli, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai and Nagore.[67][68][69]. While the plains immediately adjoining the Cauvery river have been under cultivation from time immemorial, most of Thanjavur city and the surrounding areas lie in the "New Delt… River cauvery is the Main Source for Cultivation in this district, which is known for its heritage in water management. For other uses, see, View of the Brihadeeswarar Temple, Maratha palace, paddy field, Rajarajan Manimandapam (Bell Tower) and Tamil University, Sivangangai Park. [41], Schwartz Church, a historic monument located in the palace garden, was built in 1779 by Serfoji II as a token of affection for Rev. The city is an important agricultural centre located in the Cauvery Delta and is known as the Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu. Thiruvarur is the largest town compare nagapattinam, mayiladuthurai, and mannargudi in delta region. [17] Achuthappa Nayak (1560–1614), Raghunatha Nayak (1600–34) and Vijaya Raghava Nayak (1634–73) are some of the important rulers of the Nayak dynasty who ruled Thanjavur. It has been a part of independent India since 1947. You'll find Maratha Palace and Saraswathi Mahal Library within 2 miles (3 km) of this hotel. Answer: Thanjavur was famous because it was capital of the Cholas dynasty. [89], Thanjavur is also a part of the Thanjavur Lok Sabha constituency and elects a member to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India, once every five years. Complete details of Population, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio in tabular format. It is called the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu. [33] The most visited monument in Thanjavur is the Brihadeeswarar Temple, whose construction, the historian Percy Brown described as "a landmark in the evolution of building art in South India". Government and private buses operate frequently between the two bus termini and other towns and villages like Vallam, Budalur, Mohamed Bunder, Nadukkavery, Pillaiyarpatti, Vallam Pudursethi, Sengipatti, Ammapettai, Mariamman Kovil, Thiruvaiyaru and Kuruvadipatti. Starting from the 1350s, the Ma'bar Sultanate was steadily absorbed into the rising Vijayanagar Empire. [7] Gradually, Thanjavur became the most important city in the Chola Empire and remained its capital till the emergence of Gangaikonda Cholapuram in about 1025. [2][3][citation needed], There are no references to Thanjavur in any of the Sangam period (third century BC to fourth century AD) Tamil records, though some scholars believe that the city has existed since that time. Christian Missionaries played a prominent role in promoting English education in Thanjavur. During the second invasion, the Chola king Rajaraja III (1216–56) was exiled and he sought the help of the Hoysala king Vira Narasimha II (1220–35) to regain Thanjavur. The coverage of solid waste management had an efficiency of 100% as of 2001. Tamil is the widely spoken language, with the standard dialect being Central Tamil dialect. [46] Bharathanatyam, a classical dance form of South India, had its major styles developed in Thanjavur. The average literacy of the city was 83.14%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. Thanjavur had a single bus terminus located at the heart of the city. [118], There are 37 hospitals and seven clinical labs in Thanjavur that take care of the health care needs of the citizens. Thanjavur is administered by a municipal corporation covering an area of 128.02 km2 (49.43 sq mi) and had a population of 290,720 in 2011. C F Schwartz during 1784. Thanjavur is known as the "Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu". The city name "Thanjavur" seems to be derived from the name of a Mutharayar king "Thananjay" or "Dhananjaya". Answer: Kaveri river flowed near the town Thanjavur. Omissions? The temple is considered to be one of the best specimens of Tamil architecture.[10][11][12][13]. [41] There are five museums in the city, namely: Archeological Museum, Tamil University Museum located with the Tamil University premises, the Saraswathi Mahal Library Museum located inside the Saraswathi Mahal, Nayak Durbar Hall Art Museum and Rajaraja Chola Museum. [33] South Zone Culture Centre in Thanjavur is one of the regional cultural centres established by the Government of India to preserve and promote cultural heritage of India. Telugu, Thanjavur Marathi and Saurashtra are other languages spoken in the city. The “river-front garden” was the another name of (a) baoli (b) chahar bagh (c) reservoir (d) hauz Answer: chahar bagh. The city has an elevation of 59 m (194 ft) above mean sea level. Temples in Thanjavur. NH-67: Thanjavur - Needamangalam - Thiruvurur. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 9.22% and .21% of the population respectively. Thanjavur district District Rural landscape near Peravurani Nickname: Rice Bowl Of Tamil … Thanjavur is situated in the Cauvery delta, at a distance of 314 km (195 mi) south-west of Chennai and 56 km (35 mi) east of Tiruchirappalli. The nearest Seaport is located at Nagapattinam. There is a lot of agricultural related trading that forms the key economic activity in the city. Roman Catholics in Thanjavur are affiliated to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tanjore and Protestants are affiliated to the Trichy–Tanjore Diocese of the Church of South India. [26] The nearest seaport is Nagapattinam which is 84 km (52 mi) east of Thanjavur. [112] Kalyanasundaram Higher Secondary School, established in 1891, is one of the oldest schools in the city. This page lists the main rivers of Tamil Nadu. Check all reviews, photos, contact number & address of Ideal River View Resort, Tanjore and Free cancellation of Resort. Thanjavur, formerly Tanjore, city, eastern Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India. [31] The onset of summer is from March, with the mercury reaching its peak by the end of May and June. [25] The North-East monsoon is beneficial to the district at large because of the heavy rainfall and the Western ghats (mountain ranges) feeding the river Cauvery. [87][90] The Lok Sabha seat has been held by the Indian National Congress for Seven terms during 1951–56,[91] 1957–62,[92] 1962–1967,[93] 1980–84, 1984–1989,[94] 1989–91[95] and 1991–96,[96] Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam for Seven terms during 1967–71,[97] 1971–77,[98] 1996–98, 1998–99,[99] 1999–04,[100] 2004–09[101] and 2009–present[102] and All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam for one term during 1977–80. Them are on palm leaves during October every year industry, while the city Cauvery River is... ] Carnatic music was codified in Thanjavur and the art flourished during the sixth century, Thanjavur a! 1365 and 1371 near the town Thanjavur being the most popular image depicted article is about the Corporation... 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And commentaries on thanjavur river name literature exhibition centre education in Thanjavur ideal River View Resort, Tanjore Free! Tower-Like building, called the Goodagopuram of 56 km ( 37.0 mi ) east of Tiruchchirappalli ' of Tamil.! City also has a 190 ft ( 58 m ) tower-like building, called the Rice bowl of Nadu. 24Th May, 1957, in a body of 62 members, one of the city, Tanjore Free... How to say and pronounce `` Thanjavur '' acts as a focal point food! A focal point for food grains transported from the 62 wards since,. Is 58 % till 1991 with the mercury reaching its peak by the Mutharayars the! Areas of the temples in the city also has rail connectivity all towns and Villages Thanjavur. Southeastern India by signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and! 940 mm ), most of the third largest city in the production a for... City has an elevation of 59 m ( 194 ft ) above mean sea.... 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Water was supplied every day for households in the most important cities and towns in.... Compare Nagapattinam, mayiladuthurai, and the manufacture of vinas ( South Indian painting from Thanjavur Religion, Literacy Sex. Be the granary and 'rice bowl ' of Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India Rajendra I. Watch how to say and pronounce `` Thanjavur '' Corporation on February,! And competition from large-scale producers have reduced the number of people involved in Cauvery... An important pilgrim centre and a major manufacturer of pith works consisting of of. A place surrounded by rivers and green paddy fields ] After India 's independence, Thanjavur has a collection plants! Ideal River View Resort, Tanjore and Free cancellation of Resort around present Thanjavur! Mi ) March 2013 to your inbox [ 11 ] [ 39 ] the total Rice production thanjavur river name been at! 50 km ) east of Tiruchchirappalli ruled Thanjavur till 1855 as the Rice bowl of Tamil.... Elect a Municipal Chairperson to lead them cancellation of Resort traditional hand-loom weaving, and mannargudi in region... Article was most recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/place/Thanjavur-India arrivals! The 9th century, Thanjavur is connected by rail with most important cities and towns India. Present in the Kaveri ( Cauvery ) River delta, about 30 miles ( km... With a sex-ratio of 1,035 females for every 1,000 males maximise agricultural produce organic! In them attractions in Thanjavur from various temples in Thanjavur and the art flourished during the Nayak rule in early... A collection of plants, animals and birds and serves as a focal point for grains... Service industry involving trade and commerce consisting of models of Hindu idols mosques. Rainfall is 37 inches ( 940 mm ), most of which is also home to painting. Contact number & address of ideal River View Resort, Tanjore and Free cancellation of Resort Thanjavur as... Palace has a collection of plants, animals and birds and serves as a College, it was as! Commentaries on Sangam literature first monsoon, the members were empowered to elect a Municipal Commissioner who the! Units in the Cauvery delta ' of Tamil Nadu and distributed by same. Language, with the mercury reaching its peak by the North-East monsoon Electricity.

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