edit Geography. Legal system: Certain British and NZ Acts of Parliament; Rules of the Tokelau General fono; British common law as at 14 January 1840. 'Very soon that star will be in the ascendant. You’ll receive credits toward complimentary access to Ethnologue for every contribution that is vetted and accepted by our editors. [8] In this case, rather than nā as the article, the singular definite noun te would be used. Violating the kinship relationship means breaching not only the current relationship but the whole kinship of all descendants. 500 km North of Apia, Samoa: the nearest port. For example, Samoan words containing the k sound can sound like g with words such as hiki often mistakenly heard as higi. 2.) [9] Tokelau's language, Tokelauan, belongs to the Austronesian language family and is considered to be part of the subgroup of Polynesian languages. [8] An example of an exception to this commonality would be if one was describing an entire class of things, but in a nonspecific way. A macron is a horizontal line, also seen in English. In the binding system, the complements act inversely to the verb of the sentence. [6], Similarly to English, for each clause in Tokelauan there is a predicate. Glosbe is a collaborative project and every one can add (and remove) translations. Tokelauan. As fact, the government of Schalamzaar Empire supports them in all stages. Tokelauan and English are both widely spoken. Motto:Tokelau Mo Te Atua CapitalNone; each atoll has its own administrative centre. However, in the case of definite article usage in Tokelauan language, if the speaker is speaking of an item in the same manner as the English languages uses the, they need not to have referred to it previously so long as the item is specific. (Picture caption: This year's Tokelau Language Week runs from October 25-31 and is being launched online by the Taupo Tokelau Community Committee via the official 2020 Tokelau Language Week Facebook page, where you can join in a wide range of online activities.) While Tokelau Language Week has concluded it does not mean the opportunity to learn and appreciate the Tokelau language and culture, needs to end. Tokelauan language does not allow the k's to drop. /ˈtɒkəlaʊ/ (say tokuhlow) noun a NZ dependency consisting of the Tokelau Islands, a group of coral islands in the central Pacific, about 480 km north of Samoa. The majority of the population identifies as Tokelauan, Tuvaluan, or Samoan. Over 90% of the population speaks Tokelauan, and just under 60% speak English. This is because in English, the word the acts as what is known as a definite article, meaning that a defined object or person is being spoken of. (A type of verbal predicate is an evaluative predicate which can and usually occurs with no argument). There are four main classes of lexemes in the Tokelauan language, and are as follows: 1.) With fewer than 5000 speakers, the Tokelauan language is endangered. [8] The article ni is used for describing a plural indefinite noun. There are five types of predicates including: verbal, locative, existential, possessive, and nominal. While Tongan is the most commonly used language among the population, English is the primary means of instruction for education in the island. People who speak Tokelauan and people who speak Tuvaluan can understand each other. '”[13] (Quoted from Givón), Tokelauan is a quite free flowing language as the sentence structures can vary greatly. Tokelau translation in English-French dictionary. England . The h and wh sounds are from the older dialect, while the f and s sounds are from the newer one. Look it up now! Tokelauan is a Polynesian language. The most common language is Tokelauan, about half the people are able to speak English. Many translated example sentences containing "Tokelau" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations. It is closely related to Tuvaluan and is related to Samoan and other Polynesian languages. Tokelau, island territory of New Zealand, consisting of three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean. It … [3], Loimata Iupati, Tokelau's resident Director of Education, has stated that he is in the process of translating the Bible from English into Tokelauan. Tokelau does not have a central capital; each atoll has its own administrative centre. Tokelau language. More: English to English translation of Tokelau Tokelau is a territory of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean that consists of three tropical coral atolls (from the northwest, Atafu, Nukunonu and Fakaofo, as well as Swains Island which is governed as part of American Samoa) with a combined land area of and a population of approximately 1,400. Tokelau . The Tokulauan language makes use of complementizers pe, ke, oi, and ona. Tokelau English Tokelau - Tokelau Tokelau is a non-self-governing colonial territory of New Zealand that comprises a group of three tropical coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean. Shown below is a table showing Tokelauan premodifying possessive pronouns. It is a member of the Samoic family of Polynesian languages. The term opposite of kāiga ('kin' or 'related') is he kāiga ('not kin' or 'unrelated'), and that only those who are he kāiga should be wedded. Tokelau has two official languages: Tokelauan and English. New Zealand dollar (NZD) Languages. Tokelau is een overzees gebiedsdeel van Nieuw-Zeeland.De eilandengroep ligt in het zuiden van de Stille Oceaan en bestaat uit drie atollen met een gezamenlijke oppervlakte van 10 km² en in totaal 1411 inwoners (2011). '[They] were tired of trying to get me to drink. One year after the publication of the 1975 Tokelau-English Dictionary, the government approved the installation of Ropati Simona who was to head the Tokelau Dictionary Project. The word Kāiga means 'kinship'. ā (/aː/), ē (/eː/), ī (/iː/), ō (/oː/), ū (/uː/), The Tokelauan alphabet is phonemic, except for long vowels that are not differentiated orthographically by most Tokelauan writers. Secondly, with some exceptions to rule number one, the second to last vowel would be the main stress (if the long vowel is not the main stress). Tokelauan /toʊkəˈlaʊən/ is a Polynesian language spoken in Tokelau and on Swains Island (or Olohega) in American Samoa. It is a member of the Samoic family of Polynesian languages. Tokelau is headed by Administrator Ross … [6] The Tokelauan language closely resembles its more widely spoken and close genealogical relative, Samoan; the two maintain a degree of mutual intelligibility.[7]. Tokelauan has a co-official status with English in Tokelau. Older generations of people living in Tokelau speak both Tokelauan and Samoan, but the younger generation, due to the newer schooling system, are apt to speak English rather than Samoan. English is often used at official functions in Tuvalu. Cookies help us deliver our services. Capital: Fakaofo, 540 residents (1999) Other important cities: Fenua Fala, and small villages on each of the islands. An indefinite article is used when there is no specification of the noun being referred to. However, it is worthwhile to note that not all Tokelauan speaking peoples agree with the use of the macron. The 2020 Tokelau Language theme is ‘ Apoapo tau foe, i nā tāfea i te galutau. COUNTRY DESCRIPTION; Afghanistan: Dari, Pashto: Albania: Albanian: Algeria: Arabic, French, Berber: Andorra: Catalan (official language), Spanish, French: Angola Tokelau Language Week Te vaiaho o te gagana Tokelau Mālo ni, . [8] In 1969, the New Zealand Department of Education published D. W. Boardman's Tokelau-English Vocabulary. The easiest way to get language packs for Windows 8.1 and Windows RT is to download and install them using the Language Control Panel. Tokelau does not have an official capital. The three atolls of Tokelau are also known as the Duke of York, Duke of Clarence, and D'Wolf or Bowditch, respectively (on old maps). Tokelau has two official languages: Tokelauan and English.Over 90% of the population speaks Tokelauan, and just under 60% speak English. [8] When describing a plural noun, different articles are used. Pe: Complement used in sentences pertaining to knowledge. The people live in four villages: Two of them are on Fakaofo. The two major languages spoken in Tokelau are English and Tokelauan. Approximately 3000 people in New Zealand speak Tokelauan, and the rest of the known Tokelauan speakers are spread across Australia, Hawaii, and the West Coast of the United States. Help us in creating the largest English-Tokelau dictionary online. It is related to the Samoan language spoken by the people of the American Samoan Island of Swains. The following is a list of territories where English is an official language. administered under the Tokelau Act of 1948, as amended. Locative - A lexeme that forms directly after the preposition (i, ki, or mai), without an additional determiner, 4.) "Tokelau" means "north-northeast". Their isolation and lack of resources greatly limits economic development and confines agriculture to the subsistence level. Tokelauan is a Polynesian language. It is closely related to Tuvaluan.People who speak Tokelauan and people who speak Tuvaluan can understand each other. Although there is a preferred method of ordering the phrase (i.e., argument, subject, case complement), the language allows for different variations. [8] Hale's publication remained the only published Tokelauan reference until 1969. Tokelau has a population of 1,411 people, Tokelau's capital city is Atafu and largest city Fakaofo. According to Hooper's research, there are four elements that in Tokelauan semantics that determine the strength of the bond between the complement and rest of the sentence. Ke mau mai, ke mau mai ’ which in English translates to, ' Never give up hope, even amidst chaos and much uncertainty. The people live in four villages: Two of them are on Fakaofo. /p t k f v h m n ŋ l/, /ŋ/ spelled g, Long vowels are marked with a macron above them: -preposition i and a noun phrase following a tense-aspect particle, Example: E i te faleha te faifeau 'The pastor is in the church.'[6]. Stay united, stay strong'. Audio bite from Tokelau Language Week: The art of the pa As obvious as the name suggests, the official language of England is English which is spoken by more than millions of people around the world. These articles are the and a/an. [8] The same can be said for the reference of singular being. Greeting. English. English Translation. It makes our dictionary Tokelau English real, as it is created by native speakers people, that uses language for every day. Tokelau has no direct neighbours. M â l ô n î! Following the economic, political, military, scientific, cultural, and co The islands Atafu and Nukunonu each have one village. The main language—spoken by over 90% of inhabitants—is Tokelauan, but almost 60% also speak English. The self-administering territory of New Zealand is comprised of three coral atolls in the southern Pacific. This week marks the beginning of Tokelau Language Week which UNESCO says is 'severely endangered'. In 20th May 2014, both of them declared indpendence from New Zealand, by Schalamzaar Empire. Short works were also produced in Tokelauan. translation and definition "Tokelau", English-Dhivehi Dictionary online. English is one of the official languages of Tonga. The official Government website. Galo = be lost, disappear, Place names and months have some characteristics of locatives, Mini-dictionary sponsored by Tokelau Magic, "Te Vaka" – A popular New Zealand music group that sings in the Tokelauan language, Te Taki Tokelau (The Tokelau Guide) Community Training & Development, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 20:06. [8] This particle is ia, which is used so long as none of the nouns listed above follow the prepositions e, o, a, or ko. Tokelauan is a Polynesian language. Tokelauan was still only considered to be a spoken language up until the 1960s. In Tokelau, the term most closely translated to “incest” is holi kāiga which is made up of two words: holi meaning 'to tread' and also 'to desecrate' or 'violate'. There is a bonding hierarchy between the complements and its sentences. Simply log in and add new translation. [8] This entire movement was based on the fact that the Tokelauan people take a great deal of pride in their language. [8] In the times that passed after the second publication, the necessity of a more detailed and in depth reference to the language for the purpose of education with the Tokelauan community was realized by Hosea Kirifi[8] (who later became the first Tokelau Director of Education) and J. H. Webster. The Tokelau Land area. The Tokelau languages contains terms for affinal relationships, however, there is no single word that can be transcribed as 'affinity'. There are approximately 4,260 speakers of Tokelauan, of whom 2,100 live in New Zealand, 1,400 in Tokelau, and 17 in Swains Island. If so, we invite you to join our Contributor Program. Reviving the Tokelauan language is the perfect theme of this year’s Tokelauan Language Week, Vaiaho o te Gagana Tokelau, which runs from 21-27 October 2018. “This is the final of seven Pacific language weeks to be celebrated this year. The language does not heavily rely on the use of macrons to lengthen their vowels. "Tokelau" means "north-northeast". A, E, I, O, U, F, G, K, L, M, N, P, H, T, and V. Its alphabet consists of 5 vowels: GDP per capita. Official Name: Tokelau. Tokelau is a non-self-governing colonial territory of New Zealand that comprises a group of three tropical coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean. Tokelau has two official languages: Tokelauan and English.Over 90% of the population speaks Tokelauan, and just under 60% speak English. This area is about 3.5 times the size of NY Central Park. ), The particles of the Tokelauan language are ia, a (or ā), a te, and ia te. A territory of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. [8] Examples of both te and he are as such: English: 'A man has arrived' or 'The man has arrived'[8], (Notice how te in Tokelauan has been translated to both a and the in English.). Horatio Hale was the first person to publish a Tokelauan dictionary of sorts, which he did in 1846. As of 2019, there are 55 sovereign states and 27 non-sovereign states where English was an official language.. Tokelauan /toʊkəˈlaʊən/[2] is a Polynesian language spoken in Tokelau and on Swains Island (or Olohega) in American Samoa. The use of he and te in Tokelauan are reserved for when describing a singular noun. Tokelauan, a Polynesian language closely related to Tuvaluan, Pukapukan and Maori, is the native language, and nearly all people can speak and understand English. Dot TK is the official country code Top-Level-Domain for a small [...] Pacific Island State Named Tokelau. Oi: Complement used in sentences pertaining to items of sequence. Pronouns are a subset of nouns, so they cannot be combined with determiners. It is one of the official languages of Tokelau (the other is … Greeting. [8] When describing personal names as well as the names of the month, pronouns (the use here is optional and it is most commonly used when there are words in between the pronoun and verb), and collaborative nouns that describe a group of people working together the most common particle is used. Tokelau lies about 300 miles (480 km) north of Samoa and 2,400 miles (3,900 km) southwest of Hawaii. Tokelau is the first nation to be fully powered by renewable energy. The most important languages spoken in Tokelau are English and Tokelauan. '[13], The Tokelauan language also must take into mind the systematics of its complements. It is spoken by about 1,500 people on the atolls of Tokelau, and by the few inhabitants of Swains Island in neighboring American Samoa. )[8], (Notice that this is the use of an indefinite article in an interrogative statement. The most common language is Tokelauan, about half the people are able to speak English. English is the official language of Solomon Islands: it is used in official government transactions, business and some of the printed media. Country in Oceania. South Pacific Ocean Official language(s) English and Local Languages Short name Niue Tokelau Demonym Niuean Tokelauean Official Website Niue and Tokelau were New Zealandic dependent territories. Tokelau personel income per capita $1,035, jobless rate and its currency New Zealand dollar (NZD) . Tokelau is a Polynesian language closely related to Tuvaluan. [8] Rather than being the accepted definition of dictionary, it was a reference that only contained 214 entries of vocabulary. Tokelauan has a co-official status with English in Tokelau. Official Languages of Tuvalu English. Simply log in and add new translation. [8] However, Tokelauan had been instituted into schools in the late 1940s, so prior to this publication, there wasn't much headway made in the teaching of the language. English is the official language in many countries and for some decades also in international organisations such as the European and African Union, ASEAN and the United Nations. [4] It also has marked similarities to the Niuafo'ou language of Tonga.[15]. 12 km². Small class of “other” lexemes that don't fit into the other three classes, Majority of the lexemes can be used in both position 1 & 2, meaning they can function as nouns and verbs, depending on the context.[12]. [7] Although Tokelauan is closely related to the Samoan language, there is a distinct difference between their pronunciation of words. Tokelauan is a Polynesian language. Mâlô. To indicate whether a vowel is read short or long, Tokelauan language denotes a long vowel with a macron over the letter symbol. It is closely related to Tuvaluan.People who speak Tokelauan and people who speak Tuvaluan can understand each other. Max height above sea level. Tokelau official languages and mostly spoken dialects are Tokelauan, English, Samoan, ethnics groups : . The particle a is used before a person's name as well as the names of months and the particle a te is used before pronouns when these instances are following the prepositions i or ki. The official languages in the island of Tokelau are the Tokelauan language and English. Niue and Tokelau … Moreover, vowels are lengthened for a more expressive statement. Tokelau . Download and install additional languages to view menus, dialog boxes, and other user interface items in your preferred language. [6] The sounds for h, s, f and wh can all be used interchangeably. Tokelauan is written in the Latin script, albeit using only 15 letters: '[13], Ona: Complement used in sentences pertaining to “phasal, modal, and commentative predicates.”, 'It had become necessary to acquire a house'[13]. Tokelau is a dependency of New Zealand and has three main parts: Atafu atoll, Nukunonu atoll, and Fakaofo atoll. Porirua's Tokelauan community are doing their best to revitalise their language. Tokelauan Language Facts: Tokelauan is an Austronesian language spoken by about 1,700 people on the atolls of Tokelau, and by the few inhabitants of Swains Island in neighbouring American Samoa. There is a struggle to teach a language that is spoken by only handful of people, when learning a widely known language such as English has a much greater benefit in their society. Government: New Zealand’s Governor General (Jonathan Kings since 2011) is the supreme authority on the islands. Also, 45.8% of the population speak Samoan, and small percentages of the population speak Tuvaluan and Kiribati.. Change over time And thirdly, words do not lose their normal stress when compounded with another word. As mentioned above, the use of indefinite articles in these types of statements is very common. Other languages such as Samoan, Kiribati, and Gilbertese are often spoken on the nation’s islands. The complementizer pe is used for indicative complements, while ke, oi, and ona are used for non-indicative complements. [14], na havali mai te fale i te auala te teine, Walked from the house along the road the girl[14], na havali te teine mai te fale i te auala, Walked the girl from the house along the road[14], All of which still mean, The fish was eaten by me with a spoon. The usage for the word the when speaking of a noun is strictly reserved for the case in which the receiver of the word should be aware of its context, or if said item has been referred to previously. Glosbe is a collaborative project and every one can add (and remove) translations. The term holi kāiga can be applied to not only a 'desecration of kinship' but in any cases that the order of kinship is changed, for example a child defying an elder. English: Tokelau - Tokelau. Official Languages of Tuvalu English. There are approximately 4,260 speakers of Tokelauan, of whom 2,100 live in New Zealand, 1,400 in Tokelau, and 17 in Swains Island. "Culture of Tokelau - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, family, social", "Profile of Tokelau: 2016 Tokelau Census of Population and Dwellings", "Tokelauan Language Week: Te Vaiaho o te Gagana Tokelau", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tokelauan_language&oldid=992727598, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In the year 1975, Kirifi and Webster published the first official precursory Tokelauan dictionary, which contained an estimated 3000 items, called the Tokelau-English Dictionary. Tokelauan is a Polynesian language spoken by a majority of the population of Tokelau Island. [5] Of the 4600 people who speak the language, 1600 of them live in the three atolls of Tokelau – Atafu, Nukunono and Fakaofo. The most important languages spoken in Tokelau are English and Tokelauan. English originated from this country itself is spoken by about 98% of its population. Its official languages are Tokelauan and English. ... All languages Transliteration Interface language. It is a member of the Samoic family of Polynesian languages. Over 90% of the population speaks Tokelauan, just under 60% speak English. Tokelau is an island state in the southern Pacific Ocean, east of Australia and about 500 km north of Samoa. '”[13] (Quoted from Givón), Verb modalities: “'The higher the main verb is on the binding scale, the less likely is the complement verb to display the tense-aspect-modality markings characteristics of main-clause verbs. 1 400. In English, the first word in a sentence is the subject, followed by the verb and object, so we get sentences like ‘John eats food’ or ‘John cooked the fish’. Therefore, if the strength of the verb is higher on the binding scale, the complement is unlikely to appear as its own separate clause. Tokelau is a territory of New Zealand, located in Oceania.The Tokelau archipelago consists of three Polynesian islands, Fakaofo (2,6 km 2), Nukunonu (5,4 km 2) and Atafu (2,2 km 2), which extend for 170 kilometers in the South Pacific, midway between Hawaii in the United States and New Zealand. Change over time Varieties and mixture of languages English is now the first foreign language taught in many countries. The country was a British protectorate, and therefore was part of British Western Pacific Territories (BWPT), and as a result, English is one of the country's official languages. Tokelauan schools lacked an abundance of resources and materials that could be used to educate their children on the language. Tokelau language. Languages spoken by Tokelau residents, 2011. Tokelau Language Week Te vaiaho o te gagana Tokelau Mālo ni, . During the 1960s schools began teaching their peoples how to read and write their own language. Until 1976, the official name was Tokelau Islands. [8] If describing a pronoun and using the preposition mai, the article that follows is ia te.[8]. Are you an expert on the languages of Tokelau? More than half of the speakers of the Tokelauan language reside in New Zealand, about thirty percent live in either Atafu, Nukuonono, or Fakaofo, and a minority live in Australia (geographically close to New Zealand) and states in the United States that touch the Pacific Ocean (Hawaii and other western states part of the mainland). [6] The Tokelauan language is small, and has always been fairly small, even before the Europeans invaded, because of the limited resources that each atoll had, which limited the number of people that could be supported on each.[10]. The islands Atafu and Nukunonu each have one village. Tokelauan is a Polynesian language. Useful links. Samoan literature is recognised mostly due to the early introduction of Christian Samoan missionaries to which the Samoan language was held as the language of instruction at school and at church. Help us in creating the largest Tokelau-English dictionary online. Currency. Until 1976, the official name was Tokelau … The major countries having English as official language . The dwarf state has a total area of only 12 km² and a total coastline of 101 km. Predicates conjoined in sentences pertaining to purpose every one can add ( and remove translations! 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