The full and final fulfilment of this magnificent prophecy is still future, for although the glory of the Lord entered the Temple when Jesus Himself visited, during His first advent, lasting peace in the holy city will only happen when the Prince of Peace returns in the clouds of glory and sets His feet on the mount of Olives, to bring in His Millennial Kingdom of peace and prosperity. The period of 520 years, which elapsed before the birth of Christ, cannot be called a little or short time, as Calovius supposes, "in comparison with the time that had passed since either the promulgation of the law or the promulgation of the protevangelium," inasmuch as five hundred are not מעט in relation to fifteen hundred, and the proposal to go back to the protevangelium is evidently merely a loophole of perplexity. when the Babylonians, led by Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple, killed many of the people, and led most of the rest into exile in Babylonia. The transitoriness of all that is earthly should lead men to seek "peace" in Messiah's everlasting kingdom ( Haggai 2:9, Hebrews 12:27 Hebrews 12:28) [MOORE]. The Hebrew prophet Haggai wrote about B.C. The kingdom of God is joy and peace Ephesians 2:14-15, Ephesians 2:17; Christ is our peace; made peace; preaches peace. If we look at the thought itself which is expressed in this form, it is the following: The Lord will one day exalt His kingdom, which is so deeply degraded and despised, to a glory which will far surpass the glory of the kingdom of God at the time of Solomon, and that by the fact that all the heathen nations will dedicate their possessions to it. Starting, for example, with the fact that the fulfilment of the events predicted by Haggai and the coming of the day of Jehovah are one and the same, and that according to Malachi 3:1; Malachi 4:5 the day of Jehovah was to be preceded by the coming of a messenger, to prepare the way for Jehovah to come to His temple, Koehler assumes that the fulfilment of these events ought to have taken place with the coming of Jesus of Nazareth, to establish the new covenant as the Messiah. "For whoever speaks to men, must speak of things according to a human method of thinking; or if he do not, he must make it clear that this is the case. This first took place with the coming of Christ, and that not in the fact that Jesus visited the temple and taught in it, and as the incarnate Logos, in whom the "glory of Jehovah" that filled the temple of Solomon dwelt in its truest essence as δόξα ὡς μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, glorified the temple of stone with His presence, but by the fact that Christ raised up the true temple of God not built with human hand (John 2:19), i.e., that He exalted the kingdom of God shadowed forth in the temple at Jerusalem to its true essence. B. J. i. Haggai 1:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Haggai 1:9, NIV: "You expected much, but see, it turned out to be little.What you brought home, I blew away. 1. We have this treasure in clay vessels, so that the exceeding greatness of the power may be of God and not from ourselves. Thus the "glory" consists in this "peace." But the self can also create an adjective, which seems to be preferred by scholars: for one meaning of the name Haggai, the Theological Dictionary means Feast.For “Study Bible Name List” it means Festive.. Haggai spoke some 66 years after the temple was destroyed. He called the people to 'consider your ways' and to 'be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might.' Peter sums up "the word which God sent unto the children of Israel, as Acts 10:36 preaching peace by Jesus Christ Romans 14:17. But, inasmuch as Israel was still without such moral preparation as would allow of the coming of Jehovah being a blessing to it, and rejected its Messiah, there occurred an event in connection with this rejection of Jesus on the part of Israel, which not only put a stop to the fulfilment of the prophecies, the realization of which had commenced with the coming of Jesus, but introduced a partial modification. And this glory was not in the second house. 3. He whom God has called to the government has gold and silver enough. This true or deeper ground for their mourning, which might very well give rise to the question whether the Lord would restore His former gracious relation to Israel, or at any rate would restore it now, is met by the divine promise published by Haggai to the people, which attaches itself in form to the existing circumstances, and accordingly promises for the future a glorification of the temple which will outshine the glory of the former one. Here we learn that the prophecy began in September, 520 B.C.i. I. The Gospel is described as Ezra 34:25, "a covenant of peace:" the promised king Zechariah 9:10 "shall speak peace to the Pagan;" He himself should be "our peace" Micah 5:5. ii. The friendship of the Romans who were lords of all, was to replace the "all nations," of whom Haggai spoke; he pointed also to the length of peace, the possession of wealth, the greatness of revenues, the surpassing expenditure beyond those before. "The Dayspring from on high visited us, to guide our feet into the way of peace." The shaking of heaven and earth, of the sea and of the dry land, is indeed partially effected by violent earthquakes and wonderful signs in the sky, and was typified by such judgments as the flood; but it is only fully accomplished at the breaking up of the present condition of the world in the destruction of this heaven and this earth. Haggai 2 The Coming Glory of the Temple. Why?' declares the LORD Almighty. 160. Despite the edict of the great king Cyrus, after Israel's 70 year-long captivity in Babylon, the temple of the Lord continued to lie into disrepair. Haggai reproves the Jews for neglecting the temple. 1. 8. God sought to warn the people to heed His words. His attempt shows how the eyes of the Jews were fixed on this prophecy, then when it was about to be fulfilled. ", And in this place I will give peace - Temporal peace they had now, nor was there any prospect of its being disturbed. God holds out no vain hopes. 8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, declares the Lord of hosts. (f) Meaning all spiritual blessings and felicity purchased by Christ; Php 4:7. These small group studies of Haggai contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. and 3) Does it not seem to you like nothing in comparison? This peace begins by the removal of the difficulty in the way of the just God accepting the guilty (Ps 85:8, 10; Isa 9:6, 7; 53:5; Zec 6:13; 2Co 5:18, 19); then it creates peace in the sinner's own heart (Isa 57:19; Ac 10:36; Ro 5:1; 14:17; Eph 2:13-17; Php 4:7); then peace in the whole earth (Mic 5:5; Lu 2:14). He was evidently born in Babylon during the exile, or was an extremely old man … Haggai's second prophecy began with the Lord asking the returning remnant three questions. 2. 1) Who is left among you who saw this temple in its former glory? (m) T. Hieros. xiv. The Church today is the Temple of God, made from living stone, and the Spirit of God indwells our mortal bodies. 4. Alexander subdued all the bordering countries which did not yield, but spared themselves. "Her sanctuary was laid waste like a wilderness. 'Because of my house, which remains a ruin, while each of you is busy with your own house." Jesus will return from heaven again, but not till Israel shall have been converted to the Messiah it rejected. 520-516) after the Babylonian Exile. (p) Azariah, Meor Enayim, c. 51. fol. & 24. However, a day is coming when Christ will return in power and great glory and enter the future, Millennial Temple, when the latter glory of God's house will be greater than the former and there will peace on earth and goodwill to all men. YLT: Greater is the honour of this latter house, Than of the former, said Jehovah of Hosts, And in this place do I give peace, An affirmation of Jehovah of Hosts.' Haggai 2:10 In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying, For the shakings of the heathen, by which their power will be broken and the dissolution of heathenism and of the ungodly power of the world will be effected, do not reach their end with the coming of Christ and the establishment of the Christian church: but just as the kingdom of the world maintains its standing by the side of the kingdom of heaven established by Christ upon the earth, until the return of our Lord to judgment; so does the shaking of the heathen and of the kingdoms of the nations continue till every power which rises against the Almighty God and His Christ is broken, and the world which has been thrown into confusion by the sin of men, and is made subject to corruptibility on their account, shall perish, and the new heaven and new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness, for which we are looking, shall be established (2 Peter 3:12-13). The book of Ezra gives the answer. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. i. ", "Peace and tranquility of mind is above all glory of the house; because peace passeth all understanding. Hâachărōn might be regarded as belonging to habbayith hazzeh, in the sense of "the glory of this latter house;" and the majority of the commentators have taken it so, after the Itala, Vulgate, and Peschito. Haggai 1:15-2:9 The People Obey the Lord. Scripture: Haggai 2:9, James 1:27, 1 Samuel 4, 2 Samuel 6. 8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. This is peace above peace, which shall be given after the third shaking of heaven sea earth, dry land, when He shall destroy all powers anti principalities (in the day of judgment). The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former. Thus (the promise closes with this in Haggai 2:9), the later glory of this house will be greater than the former was. “The glory of this latter house”: The Jews viewed the temple in Jerusalem as one temple existing in different forms at different times. We are reminded by Paul that our body is a temple of the Holy Spirit Who is in us. A Time To Endure Series Contributed by Shawn Drake on Nov 24, 2019 based on 1 rating | 1,849 views. Chagai prophesies of a time when all the nations of the world will recognize Hashem, Whose glory rests on the Beit Hamikdash in Yerushalayim (ירושלים). The prophet lays stress upon the brevity of the time, for the purpose of comforting. (Note: Aug. Koehler also assumes that the ultimate fulfilment of our prophecy will not take place till the second coming of Christ, although he is of opinion that, generally speaking, it has not been fulfilled in the manner originally intended. Ganz Tzemach David, par. This is the 3rd sermon in the "A Time To..." series from Haggai. (1-11) He promises God's assistance to them. 7.) Those five things, the absence whereof they felt, were connected with their atoning worhip or God's presence among them; "the ark with the mercy-seat and the cherubim, the Urim and Tummin, the fire from heaven, the Shechinah, the Holy Spirit." 2:9 And in this place I will grant prosperity. What Does Haggai 2:9 Mean? 11, 1), through which Herod endeavoured to win over the people to his plan. How much more, since Scripture saith not, 'Great shall be the beauty or the wealth of this latter house above the first,' but the glory: and the glory is not the wealth or the beauty, or the largeness of the dimensions of the building, as they said in their interpretations, for the 'glory' is in truth spoken of the glory of God, which filled the tabernacle, after it was set up, and of the glory of God which filled the house of God, which Solomon built, when he brought the ark into the holy of holies, which is the Divine cloud and the Light supreme, which came down thither in the eyes of all the people, and it is said, 'And it was when the priests came out of the Italy place, the cloud filled the house of God, and the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of God filled the house of God.' iii. (translation: World English Bible) Clarke's Haggai 2:9 Bible Commentary And in this place will I give peace - שלום shalom a peace-offering, as well as peace itself; or Jesus Christ, who is called the Prince of peace, through whom peace is proclaimed between God and man, between man and his fellows; and through whom peace is established in the disconsolate soul. The earlier commentators were no doubt generally right, when they sought for the fulfilment in the establishment of the new covenant through Christ; they simply erred in referring the predicted shaking of the nations and the promised glorification of the temple in too one-sided and exclusive a manner to the coming of Christ in the flesh, to His teaching in the temple, and to the establishment of the kingdom of heaven through the preaching of the gospel. Consequently the events predicted by Haggai (Haggai 2:6-9) have not been fulfilled; for the valuable possessions of all the heathen have not been applied to the glorification of the sanctuary of Jehovah built by Zerubbabel, and there has not been a place of peace created there in the midst of the judgments that were to fall upon the heathen world. "There Christ, the Son of God, was, as a Child, offered to God: there He sat in the midst of the Doctors; there He taught and revealed things, hidden from the foundation of the world. The shaking of the heathen world did not first begin with the birth of Christ, but commenced shortly after the time of Haggai. And the words "in this place will I give peace" are now fulfilled. ii. 65. This prompted Haggai's second prophecy... that the glory of the future Temple would surpass that of the previous one, "'The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former,' says the LORD of hosts, 'and in this place I will give peace,' declares the LORD of hosts.". "All nations," by whom the building of the temple is to be promoted, are equivalent in his esteem to "the Romans, who are the rulers of the whole world." As members of the Church, we are watching and waiting for Christ to return in the air to take His redeemed saints to heaven, which will happen at least seven years before He breaks through the clouds, riding a white horse, with his vestments dripping with the blood of His defeated enemies. 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