That is, GDP doubled every five years from sometime in the 80s until 2008. The growing floating population in the Delta has been accompanied by an ever-greater demand for land. . The new economic policy put in place for the Pearl River Delta and the corresponding loosening of the regulations for migration provided opportunities that attracted a large floating population. Images by Nasa. Chinese Sociology & Anthropology: Vol. Various landforms are found in the Delta: wetland, estuary, lowland, plain, dryland, and upland hills. Indeed, the government implemented special policies to foster housing development. The first is the proportion of population living within the boundaries of cities and towns. NOTE: According to China's land classification system, garden land is planted in perennial crops such as orchard crops and tea; farmland is used to produce grain, vegetables, and cash crops; and forestland is devoted to cultivated and natural forests. The township population in Guangdong Province grew from 6.88 million in 1985 to 40.80 million in 1990, almost a sixfold increase. All these steps have been effective at curbing pollution in the Zhuhai municipality. These policies had large impacts on land use in Pearl River Delta—among them, a reduction in agricultural land. This growth, however, has been accompanied by environmental pollution. The demand for labor exceeded local supply, and the new migrants required further and more extensive conversion of land for housing. . Even with the slowing of floating population growth, some, but not all, of the municipalities have continued strong population growth. A 2015 report concluded that, if taken as a single urban area, the zone is the largest such area in the world in both area and population. The third indicator is the proportion of persons who are officially registered as members of nonagricultural households. Figure 9-9). Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available. THE "Pearl River Delta" concept was proposed in the early 1990s for the first urban agglomeration in China. NOTE: Grain yield per unit farmland is a weighted average of various grains. Chapter 8), the country has had a “floating” population—that is, laborers who leave their registered permanent residence for less than half a year to. For example, since 1980 agricultural intensification in Shenzhen and Dongguan has generally increased grain yields per unit of farmland ( One government housing reform policy allowed diversification of housing construction. Pearl River Delta economy: an opportunity for all Before 1979, China's Pearl River Delta region was mostly agricultural land. SOURCES: Statistical Yearbooks of Dongguan and Shenzhen (various years). During that period, the average real rate of GDP growth in the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone exceeded 16 percent, well above the People's Republic of China national figure of 9.8 percent. The unique location of the Pearl River Delta, with its proximity to neighboring Hong Kong and Macao, have made it a major area for foreign investment, particularly in industry. In the Delta area it mainly reflects rice production. Greening built-up areas in Pearl River Delta (PRD) and Yangtze River Delta (YRD) city clusters. . The total permanent population of the Delta region has grown at a substantially faster rate than populations elsewhere in China ( ~ enlarge ~ As the Delta area entered the 1980s, the pace increased for all kinds of nonagricultural construction (communications, housing, factories, and recreation). FIGURE 9-7 Farmland and net migration rate, Pearl River Delta, 1980–1994. Transformation of the South Florida Landscape, 11. As this study found in the municipality of Zhuhai, government policies can significantly ameliorate pollution levels. This city was a seaport in the 4 th Century, and is now located well inland from the current Ebro river mouth. 4. Overall, the result of the urbanization policy in the Pearl River Delta has been a rapid population growth rate for small towns, whereas the populations of big cities such as Guangzhou have increased much less rapidly. Fueled by its red hot economy, the Pearl River Delta region has grown from a patchwork of cities into the PRD megalopolis, one of the fastest growing and largest urban area in the world. Basic Data of China's Population. In 1973 the proportion of farmland to total area was 33.1 percent, dropping to 31.6 percent in 1982, only a slight decline. The Pearl River Delta is an extended metropolitan region of nearly 50 million people, encouraged by the Chinese government as an engine of economic growth and … [1], The zone is formed by 9 cities, namely Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Foshan, Zhuhai, Jiangmen, Zhongshan, Dongguan, four districts and counties of Huizhou and four districts and counties of Zhaoqing. Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features? Ready to take your reading offline? Clearly, the impact might be different if neighboring jurisdictions were to adopt similar regulations; the air quality might improve, but economic effects might be negative if polluting industries were prohibited throughout the region. The science academies of the three most populous countries have joined forces in an unprecedented effort to understand the linkage between population growth and land-use change, and its implications for the future. The proportion of wastewater processed up to industrial discharge standards decreased from 30 percent in 1986 to 21 percent in 1994. The volume of automobile and factory emissions in the Delta area more than tripled from 1986 to 1995, and the volume of sulfur dioxide released into the atmosphere is estimated to be about 24 times higher than the average for China as a whole. . Third, the government has invested substantially in increasing the capacity of the Zhuhai municipality to process wastewater, air pollution, and solid waste, and it has established a sophisticated environmental protection network and environmental protection offices at various administrative levels, right down to the townships and neighborhood committees. Division of soil Resource Utilization of agriculture in Pearl River Delta, 2000–2015 residents who were actually in. All of Guangdong Province, 1990 and 1995 sum of money in a page number and Press Enter go. 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