[165][166], New Mexico has a higher concentration of persons who do not finish high school or have some college without a degree than the nation as a whole. [154], Current Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham (D) and Lieutenant Governor Howie Morales (D) were first elected in 2018. [37]:19–24 The name New Mexico was first used by a seeker of gold mines named Francisco de Ibarra, who explored far to the north of New Spain in 1563 and reported his findings as being in "a New Mexico". The first bomb was tested at Trinity site in the desert between Socorro and Alamogordo on what is now White Sands Missile Range.[37]:179–180. Since the local soil makes it tough to support high-rise buildings, Albuquerque’s tallest building is only 351 feet high with 22 stories. New Mexico's statewide average precipitation is 12.9 inches (330 mm) a year, with average monthly amounts peaking in the summer, as at Albuquerque, and Las Cruces in the south. Mexican War and New Mexico became a U.S. territory. The New Mexico Legislature consists of the House of Representatives and Senate. [83], With regard to the judiciary, witnesses have the right to testify in either of the two languages, and monolingual speakers of Spanish have the same right to be considered for jury duty as do speakers of English. [57], The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of New Mexico was 2,096,829 on July 1, 2019, a 1.83% increase since the 2010 census. ", "Without morals a republic cannot subsist any length of time; they therefore who are decrying the Christian religion, Santa Fe: Museum of New Mexico Press, 2003. Before December 2013, New Mexico law neither explicitly allowed nor prohibited same-sex marriage. The weekend after Labor Day boasts the burning of Zozobra, a fifty-foot (15 m) marionette, during Fiestas de Santa Fe. [54] Both residents and businesses moved to the state; some northerners came at first for the mild winters; others for retirement. Many New Mexicans speak a unique dialect of Spanish. [81] Nonetheless, the constitution does not declare any language as "official". New Mexico is known for cattle ranching, oil drilling, and minerals. Hatch is the best-known source, and it’s a region and a brand, not a specific type. [116][120], New Mexico imposes a Gross Receipts Tax (GRT) on many transactions, which may even include some governmental receipts. [170] The value slightly increased in 2018, and new legislation was passed to outline what funds are available per type of institution. [116] As of 2007, active-duty military salaries are exempt from state income tax. [citation needed]. in 1930 to test rocket-ship models. For other uses, see, Map of the United States with New Mexico highlighted, New Mexico territory including Arizona, 1860, Cite error: The named reference "Murphy 2000" was defined multiple times with different content (see the. 3. [20] During the summer, daytime temperatures can often exceed 100 °F (38 °C) at elevations below 5,000 feet (1,500 m), the average high temperature in July ranges from 99 °F (37 °C) at the lower elevations down to 78 °F (26 °C) at the higher elevations. [144] Front Range Commuter Rail is a project to connect Wyoming and New Mexico with high-speed rail. Rural and intercity public transportation by road is provided by Americanos USA, LLC, Greyhound Lines and several government operators. Texas, Colorado and Kansas! [136]:9 The first operational railroad, the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway (ATSF), entered the territory by way of the lucrative and contested Raton Pass in 1878. New Mexico residents may purchase any firearm deemed legal under federal law. The most important of New Mexico's rivers are the Rio Grande, Pecos, Canadian, San Juan, and Gila. 1. Several municipalities have imposed an Economic Development Gross Receipts Tax (a form of Municipal Infrastructure GRT) that is used to pay for these infrastructure improvements and for marketing their areas. Bunch. Texas's only attempt to establish a presence or control in the claimed territory was the failed Texan Santa Fe Expedition. In 2010, New Mexico's gross domestic product was $80 billion, and an estimated $85 billion for 2013. [19] On the southern border, Texas makes up the eastern two-thirds, while the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora make up the western third, with Chihuahua making up about 90% of that. [126] All with termini in Northern New Mexico, the Camino Real, the Santa Fe Trail and the Old Spanish Trail are all recognized as National Historic Trails. New Mexico has had a problem with drunk driving, but that has lessened. The postal abbreviation for New Mexico is NM. Key Difference: Mexico is officially known as the United Mexican States, or Estados Unidos Mexicanos in Spanish. The state's population grew rapidly after World War II, growing from 531,818 in 1940 to 1,819,046 in 2000. [112], The state provides financial incentives for film production. The Palace of the Governors in Santa Fe is the oldest government building in the nation. The governor is Michelle Lujan Grisham (D), who succeeded Susana Martinez (R) on January 1, 2019 after she served two terms as governor from 2011 to 2019. [77] While it is a common folk belief that New Mexican Spanish is an archaic form of 17th-century Castilian Spanish, and archaisms do exist, research reveals that traditional New Mexican Spanish "is neither more Iberian nor more archaic than other New World Spanishes".[78][79]. The University of New Mexico Model United Nations, known as World Affairs Delegation or WAD, team is … "It's the duty of all nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, to obey his will, to be grateful At Lake Valley, miners discovered silver in veins so pure that the metal could be sawn off in blocks, instead of having There are quirky sides to the state, as well, such as the famed city of UFO sightings and possible landings, Roswell. [150][153], The Constitution of New Mexico established New Mexico's governmental structure. New Mexico United, also based in Albuquerque, began play in the second tier of the American soccer pyramid, the USL Championship, in 2019. Currently, both chambers of the New Mexico State Legislature have Democratic majorities. The United States Congress admitted New Mexico as the 47th state on January 6, 1912. This same year New Mexico: New Mexico is a state in the southwestern United States. The Sunset Limited makes stops three times a week in both directions at Lordsburg, and Deming, serving Los Angeles, New Orleans and intermediate points. A large artistic community thrives in Santa Fe, and has included such people as Bruce Nauman, Richard Tuttle, John Connell and Steina Vasulka. [11] New Mexico is home to part of the Navajo Nation, 19 federally recognized Pueblo communities of Puebloan peoples, and three different federally recognized Apache tribes. Albuquerque's Northeast Heights have historically leaned Republican, but have become a key swing area for Democrats in recent election cycles. The Artist Communities. And to the same Divine Author of every good and perfect gift [James 1:17] we are indebted for all By 1800, the population of New Mexico had reached 25,000.[44]. From prehistoric attractions to natural amenities, the Land of Enchantment, as the southwestern state of New Mexico is known, offers travel experiences found no where else in the world. Politically, they still controlled most of the town and county offices through area elections, and wealthy sheepherder families commanded considerable influence. [121] As of July 1, 2013 the combined tax rate ranged from 5.125% to 8.6875%. With citizens living and working there connecting Missouri with Santa Fe is the oldest capital city the... De Tierra Adentro. [ 44 ] Legislature consists of the Mountain and. For Butch Cassidy and the future of the quality of primary and secondary schools ; individual school directly! Traders opened the Santa Fe Ibex and Barbary Sheep ) well-produced 700 of. Route miles of Railway in the United States of America from those humble beginnings Aerospace... Higher than any other state. [ 46 ] other types of acts, and Neddy A. Vigil a! Connect Wyoming and New Mexico what is new mexico known for in September 1850 not subject to property taxation oldest occupied! 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