There have previously been some Labour MPs: most recently, Thurrock, Harlow and Basildon in Labour's 2005 election victory. The Ceremonial County is the area represented by the Lord Lieutenant of Essex. Before the creation of the county councils, county-level administration was limited in nature; lord-lieutenants replaced the sheriffs from the time of Henry VIII and took a primarily military role, responsible for the militia and the Volunteer Force that replaced it. Top ESSEX abbreviation meanings updated December 2020 The JPs carried out judicial and administrative duties such as maintenance of roads and bridges, supervision of the poor laws, administration of county prisons and setting the County Rate. Essex (/ˈɛsɪks/) is a county in the southeast[3][4] of England, northeast of London. Waste and recycling. There is a large middle class here and the area is widely known for its private schools. Later, part of Hadstock, Ashton and Chrishall were transferred to Cambridgeshire, and part of Great Horkesley went to Suffolk. This was the largest building of its kind in Roman Britain.[27][28]. Administrative centre: Winchester. Essex, London and the eastern counties backed Parliament in the English Civil War, but by 1648, this loyalty was stretched. Town and parish councils vary in size from those with a population of around 200 to those with a population of over 30,000. The University of Essex, which was established in 1963, is located just outside Colchester, with two further campuses in Loughton and Southend-on-Sea. "Essex girls" have long been mocked as thick, promiscuous and lacking in class. A county in southeastern England on the North Sea and the Thames estuary, county ((United Kingdom) a region created by territorial division for the purpose of local government), England (a division of the United Kingdom), Home Counties (the English counties surrounding London into which Greater London has expanded). [14] The port of Harwich has passenger and freight services to the Hook of Holland and a freight service to Europoort. There are four radial commuter routes into the capital: The A120 is a major route heading west from the ports of Harwich and Felixstowe (Suffolk) and, like the A12, the route was in use during the Roman period and, in part at least, before then. Essex synonyms, Essex pronunciation, Essex translation, English dictionary definition of Essex. These London-based jobs are often well paid and complement the contribution made by the employers based within Essex. One of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south and London to the southwest. Includes independent financial advice, coping with a cash crisis and benefits entitlement. As of 2020–21, both teams are in League Two. In AD 824, following the Battle of Ellandun, the kingdoms of the East Saxons, the South Saxons and the Jutes of Kent were absorbed into the kingdom of the West Saxons, uniting Saxland under King Alfred's grandfather Ecgberht. E ssex as a boys' name is of Old English origin, and the meaning of Essex is "eastern". The county of Essex has four definitions; the Ancient, Ceremonial, Administrative and Postal Counties. The author William Langland, who lived on the Welsh borders, mentions it in his 1362 book The Vision of Piers Plowman in a manner that implies general knowledge of the custom among his readers.[56]. Abbreviation. The areas closest to London are the most densely settled, though the Metropolitan Green Belt has prevented the further sprawl of London into the county. From 1880 to 2018, the Social Security Administration has recorded 357 babies born with the first name Essex in the United States. Its men's 1st team currently competes in the top division in the country, the Super 8s, while the women's 1st team competes one tier below the men. The Essex incorporates Steinway & Sons’ latest design specifications and engineering standards, as well as the Steinway commitment to excellence developed over 160 years of quality craftsmanship. The county council was formed in 1889, governing the administrative county of Essex. [46], The Essex County Council also has a Youth Assembly, 75 members aged between 11 and 19 who aim to represent all young people in their districts across Essex. What does Essex mean? The Siege of Colchester followed, but after ten weeks starvation and news of Royalist defeats elsewhere led the Royalists to surrender.[39]. so curtailing the operator's ambitions for expansion. Epping Forest also prevents the further spread of the Greater London Urban Area. In all there are some 90 state secondary schools provided by these authorities, the majority of which are comprehensive, although one in Uttlesford, two in Chelmsford, two in Colchester and four in Southend-on-Sea are selective grammar schools. [51] These Councils have no statutory duties but can contribute to local life in a range of ways, such as maintaining allotments and open spaces, to crime prevention and providing recreation facilities. In June 1648 a force of 500 Kentish Royalists landed near the Isle of Dogs, linked up with a small Royalist cavalry force from Essex, fought a battle with local parliamentarians at Bow Bridge, then crossed the River Lea into Essex. The deep estuaries on the east coast give Essex, by some measures, the longest coast of any county. The Port of Tilbury is one of Britain's three major ports and has proposed a major extension onto the site of the former Tilbury power stations. What Does Name "Essex" Mean You are fine when in harmony but changeable when in discord, because many of your best qualities are then reversed. Essex had its roots in the Kingdom of the East Saxons, a polity which is likely to have had its roots in the territory of the Iron Age Trinovantes tribe. The invaders established a number of castles in the county, to help protect the new elites in a hostile country. The most marginal constituency in the county is Colchester, however the Conservative Party still command a majority of over 9,400 votes. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. The Administrative County is the area for which Essex County Council has responsibility. They can also influence other decision makers and can deliver services to meet local needs. Essex became part of the East of England Government Office Region in 1994 and was statistically counted as part of that region from 1999, having previously been part of the South East England region. in use, Link to website promoting the Tilbury2 proposals, Anglia Route Study, describes opportunities and constraints for the E of England rail network –, Kings and Kingdoms of Early Anglo-Saxon England, p46. Your abbreviation search returned 94 meanings. Find out what is the full meaning of ESX on Abbreviations.com! How many people with the first name Essex have been born in the United States? After the Norman Conquest, county rather than shire became the more usual term in England's main sub-divisions, but their boundaries and role remained the same. (. The Greater Anglia routes (both the West Anglia and Great Eastern Main Line and their branches) are operated by Greater Anglia. Published by Colchester Archaeological Trust (, Wilson, Roger J.A. The forest covered the large majority of the county; however, it is important to note that at that time, the term[34] was a legal term which, at this stage, had a weak correlation between woods and commons (sometimes known as 'the vert') and the extent of the forest. Double-click any word on the page to look it up in the dictionary. an Anglo-Saxon kingdom that in the early 7th century ad comprised the modern county of Essex and much of Hertfordshire and Surrey. Chelmsford has been an important location for electronics companies, such as the Marconi Company, since the industry was born; it is also the location for a number of insurance and financial services organisations and, until 2015, was the home of the soft drinks producer Britvic. At this time the county was sub-divided into units known as Hundreds. The local representatives are elected in parts in local elections, held every year.[51]. Get unrestricted access to all the English-Learning Units! These young people will then go on to represent their school and their parish/ward or (in the case of the Young Essex Assembly) their entire district. [16] The port was opposed by the local authority and environmental and wildlife organisations. Basildon is home to New Holland Agriculture's European headquarters and Basildon is home to the Ford Motor Company's British HQ. The invasion force that assembled before him included four legions, mounted auxiliaries and an elephant corps – a force of around 30,000 men. Civic Heraldry of England and Wales. The ceremonial county of Essex is bounded by Kent, south of the Thames Estuary; Greater London to the south-west; Hertfordshire, broadly west of the River Lea and the Stort ; Cambridgeshire to the northwest; Suffolk broadly north of the River Stour; with the North Sea to the east. 'Elastic Sky X' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. The Liberal Democrats until 2015 had a sizeable following in Essex, gaining Colchester in the 1997 general election. [52], Education in Essex is substantially provided by three authorities: Essex County Council and the two unitary authorities, Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock. There were castles at Colchester, Castle Hedingham, Rayleigh, Pleshey and elsewhere. A significant Roman force attempting to relieve Colchester was destroyed in pitched battle, known as the Massacre of the Ninth Legion. Learn more. By the 14th century, the Dunmow Flitch Trials appear to have achieved a significant reputation outside the local area. The initiative seeks to engage younger people in the county and rely on the youth councillors of all status to work closely with schools and youth centres to improve youth services in Essex and help promote the opinions of Essex youth. Many parts of Essex therefore, especially those closest to London, have a major economic dependence on London and the transport links that take people to work there. At the 2013 County Council elections the Conservative Party retained overall control of the council, but its majority fell from twenty-two to four councillors. In the 2016 EU referendum, 62.3% of voters in Essex voted to leave the EU, with all 14 District Council areas voting to leave, the smallest margin being in Uttlesford. It stands for Southend-on-Sea. Southend-on-Sea is home to the Adventure Island theme park and is one of the few still growing British seaside resorts, benefiting from modern and direct rail links from Fenchurch Street railway station and Liverpool Street station (so that housing is in high demand, especially for financial services commuters), which maintains the town's commercial and general economy. Robert Young. Parish and town councils (local councils) have the same powers and duties, but a town council may elect a town mayor, rather than a chairman, each year in May. For government statistical purposes, Essex is placed in the East of England region. However, County Boroughs of West Ham (1889–1965), Southend-on-Sea (1914–1974)[41] and East Ham (1915–1965) formed part of the county but were county boroughs (not under county council control, in a similar manner to unitary authorities today). Essex is also home to the Dunmow Flitch Trials, a traditional ceremony that takes place every four years and consists of a test of a married couple's devotion to one another. List of 3 ESSEX definitions. There was a kingdom of Essex in Anglo-Saxon England. Variations CREATIVE FORMS (male) Ersex, .. Our vision is: to provide the communities we serve with excellent healthcare and build a better future for east Suffolk and north Essex. Basildon is the location of State Street Corporation's United Kingdom HQ International Financial Data Services and remains heavily dependent on London for employment, due to its proximity and direct transport routes. For ESSEX we have found 5 definitions. Updated June 2020. The Postal County was a collection of post towns and approximated to the Ancient and Ceremonial County areas. A historical region and Anglo-Saxon kingdom of southeast England. Essex County Cricket Club became a First-Class County in 1894. WE SAY it countless times a day, but have you ever stopped to wonder what “OK” stands for? Industry is largely limited to the south of the county, with the majority of the land elsewhere being given over to agriculture. The combined force, bolstered by extra forces, marched towards Royalist held Colchester, but a Parliamentarian force caught up with them just as they were about to enter the city’s medieval walls of Colchester, and a bitter battle was fought but the Royalists were able to retire to the security of the city walls. In these areas a high proportion of the population commute to London, and the wages earned in the capital are typically significantly higher than more local jobs. The Independent Loughton Residents Association and the Canvey Island Independent Party both returned one member and an Independent candidate was also elected. [citation needed], The county of Essex is divided into 12 district and borough councils with 2 unitary authorities (Southend on Sea and Thurrock). Billericay Town, Braintree Town, Chelmsford City and Concord Rangers all play in the National League South. Pop (excluding unitary authorities): 1 251 000 (2003 est). It was initially the most important city in Roman Britain and in it they established a temple to the God-Emperor Claudius. Many famous sports stars have come from or trained in Essex. Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of New Jersey.As of the 2019 Census estimate, the county's population was 798,975, making it the state's third-most populous county, an increase of 3.1% from the 2010 United States Census, when its population was enumerated at 783,969, in turn a decrease of 1.2% (9,664 fewer residents) from the 793,633 enumerated in the 2000 census. In 2017, the Conservatives held Thurrock with an increased share of the vote, but a smaller margin of victory. This sense of the term ‘Essex’ refers to all the territory of the county of Essex, as established in the late Anglo-Saxon period, some time after the larger former Kingdom of the East Saxons had lost its independence. The other was that the eastern part of Metropolitan Essex, broadly speaking east of the Roding, was part of the Essex Postal County with the area to the west of the Roding part of the Eastern division of the London Post Town. The county is also home to the Chelmsford Chieftains ice hockey team and the Essex Leopards basketball team. It excludes the areas transferred in 1889 and 1965, but includes the unitary authorities of Thurrock and Southend which separated from the Administrative County in 1998. As a last name Essex was the 8,529 th most popular name in 2010. What does ESSEX stand for? In contrast, mid, west and south-west Essex is one of the most affluent parts of eastern England, forming part of the London commuter belt. ; What does ESSEX mean? derives from the first letter of the word Surreno:Southern Gangster ESSEX Stands For: All acronyms (5) Airports & Locations Business & Finance Common Government & Military (1) … The county's coat of arms comprises three Saxon seax knives (although they look rather more like scimitars), mainly white and pointing to the right (from the point of view of the observer), arranged vertically one above another on a red background (Gules three Seaxes fesswise in pale Argent pommels and hilts Or, points to the sinister and notches to the base); the three-seax device is also used as the official logo of Essex County Council; this was granted in 1932. Essex has six main strategic routes, five of which reflect the powerful influence exerted by London. Asked by Wiki User. Their powers and duties range, Town and parish councils have the right to become statutory consultees at both district and county level and, although the decision remains with the planning authorities, local councils can influence the decision-making process by making informed comments and recommendations.[51]. Essex's railway routes to London are, running clockwise: The Essex Thameside franchise is operated by c2c. Who does what in Essex. As it is not far from London, with its economic magnetism, many of Essex's settlements, particularly those near or within short driving distance of railway stations, function as dormitory towns or villages where London workers raise their families. The Postal County of Essex was a term in use by the Royal Mail until 1996,[5] its purpose was to facilitate the sorting of mail by assisting the differentiation of similar Post Towns. [3] The Liberal Democrats remain as the official Opposition, despite winning fewer votes. The naturalist Oliver Rackham carried out an analysis of Domesday returns for Essex and was able to estimate the county was 20% wooded in 1086[35] with the proportion declining steeply between that point and the depopulation associated with the Black Death. As well as rural areas, the county also includes London Stansted Airport, the new towns of Basildon and Harlow, Lakeside Shopping Centre, the port of Tilbury and the borough of Southend-on-Sea. What the hell does ‘OK’ stand for? The establishment of the Colonia is thought to have involved extensive appropriation of land from local people, this and other grievances led to the Trinovantes joining their northern neighbours, the Iceni, in the Boudiccan revolt. The UK's largest container terminal London Gateway at Shell Haven in Thurrock partly opened in November 2013; final completion date is yet to be confirmed. Team Essex Volleyball Club is Chelmsford's national league volleyball club. What does "Essex" mean? Therefore, most of the Forest of Essex was at that time farmland. Be the first to answer this question. The highest point of the county of Essex is Chrishall Common near the village of Langley, close to the Hertfordshire border, which reaches 482 feet (147 m). a county in southeastern England on the North Sea and the Thames estuary. Out of those three parties, UKIP gained the largest share of the county-wide vote, more than 10% ahead of Labour. We have reviews of the best places to see in Essex. The name is of the meaning 'east Saxons'. [21] The Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government, formed in May 2010, agreed not to allow a further runway until a set time period,[when?] Dictionary entry overview: What does Essex mean? The 2015 general election saw a large vote in Essex for the UK Independence Party (UKIP), with its only MP, Douglas Carswell, retaining the seat of Clacton that he had won in a 2014 by-election, and other strong performances, notably in Thurrock and Castle Point. Your versatility … The boundary with Greater London was established in 1965, when East Ham and West Ham county boroughs and the Barking, Chingford, Dagenham, Hornchurch, Ilford, Leyton, Romford, Walthamstow and Wanstead and Woodford districts[42] were transferred to form the London boroughs of Barking and Dagenham, Havering, Newham, Redbridge and Waltham Forest. For certain services the three authorities co-operate through joint arrangements, such as the Essex fire authority. ESEX is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms The Free Dictionary Who doesn't love being #1? Its territory was later restricted to lands east of the River Lea.[33]. [40] JPs carried out these responsibilities, mainly through quarter sessions, and did this on a voluntary basis. A Post Code Area is made of smaller Post Code Districts, each representing a town and its immediate environs. There are also various independent schools particularly, as mentioned above, in rural parts and the west of the county.[53][54]. We know 5 definitions for ESSEX abbreviation or acronym in 3 categories. The late Roman period, and the period shortly after, was the setting for the King Cole legends based around Colchester. These freight movements conflict with the needs of commuter passenger services, limiting their frequency and reliability.[20]. Chapter 4, Life in Roman Britain, Anthony Birley, 1964, Crummy, Philip (1997) City of Victory; the story of Colchester – Britain's first Roman town. [55] Sewardstone in the Epping Forest District is also part of the London Post Town, using the E4 post code. ASSOCIATED WITH old english, england. What does IT stand for? Gradually, the areas subject to forest law diminished, until 'in 1878 what remained of the forest of Essex was disafforested'. Place name: a county in England that gave its name to many towns in America. Published by Constable. The Essex dialect, an accent related to the Suffolk dialect, was formerly prevalent in the county but has now been mostly replaced by Estuary English. See also the related category english. • ESSEX (noun) The noun ESSEX has 1 sense:. Not all parts of Essex are bad. Essex Police covers the administrative county and the two unitary authorities. The county council governs the non-metropolitan county of Essex in England. The county council chamber and main headquarters is at the County Hall in Chelmsford. There were two principal distinctions, the first that the Postal County of Hertfordshire extended deep into west Essex, with Stansted isolated as an exclave of postal Essex. [32], The name Essex originates in the Anglo-Saxon period of the Early Middle Ages and has its root in the Anglo-Saxon (Old English) name Ēastseaxe ("East Saxons"), the eastern kingdom of the Saxons who had come from the continent and settled in Britain (cf. The Conservative Party profited most from this loss, regaining many of the seats it had lost at the previous election. But in the 2017 general election, UKIP's vote share plummeted by 15.6% while both Conservative and Labour vote shares rose by 9%. [23], Essex corresponds, fairly closely, to the territory of the Trinovantes tribe. At the same time, parts of the parishes of Helions Bumpstead, Sturmer, Kedington and Ballingdon-with-Brundon were transferred to Suffolk. Originally recorded in AD 527, Essex occupied territory to the north of the River Thames, incorporating all of what later became Middlesex (which probably included Surrey) and most of what later became Hertfordshire. In 1204, the area "north of the Stanestreet" was disafforested. The administrative county was formed in 1889, and has reduced in size since that time. Essex's origin and use are both in the English language. Anglia Ruskin University has a campus in Chelmsford. East of the Dartford Road Crossing to Dartford in Kent, across the Thames Estuary, a pedestrian ferry to Gravesend, Kent operates from Tilbury during limited daily hours; there are pedestrian ferries across some of Essex's rivers and estuaries in spring and summer. Before the Norman conquest the East Saxons were subsumed into the Kingdom of England. ESX. It has four teams which play in Volleyball England's national volleyball league. Register to get answer. The emblem was attributed to Anglo-Saxon Essex in Early Modern historiography. The Liberal Democrats also saw a notable revival, but were unable to translate this into seats. [45] The County Hall, made a listed building in 2007, dates largely from the mid-1930s and is decorated with fine artworks of that period, mostly the gift of the family who owned the textile firm Courtaulds. Both teams have reached as high as the Championship (the second tier of English football) at some point in their history. You are entertaining but may be impulsive. Births, marriages/civil partnerships and death registration, roads, libraries and archives, refuse disposal, most of state education, of social services and of transport are provided at the county level.[3]. It was the constituency in which UKIP performed best in 2017, with 20% of the vote while all other areas had been reduced to low single figure vote shares. Daniel was considered the greatest prospect for French football (although he could also play for England because of the heritage of his mother). Meaning of Essex. Southend Airport has scheduled flights to Ireland, the Channel Islands and multiple destinations in Europe. Postal Counties were abolished in 1996, but Post Towns are still used. Claudius held a review of his invasion force on Lexden Heath where the army formally proclaimed him Imperator. Stereotypes are fun. canvey island, essex was one of the few places to submit a realistic bid against london for the 2012 olympics. The highest domestic trophy for non-league teams, the FA Trophy, has been won on three occasions by Essex teams: Colchester United (1992), Canvey Island (2001) and by Grays Athletic in 2006. The club has a strong junior programme and trains at The Boswells School in Chelmsford. John Speed in his Historie of Great Britaine (1611) follows Verstegan in his descriptions of the arms of Erkenwyne, but he qualifies the statement by adding "as some or our heralds have emblazed".[55]. The county's infrastructure is shaped by its physical geography and proximity to London. [31] Their capital was the oppidum (a type of town) of Colchester, Britain's oldest recorded town, which had its own mint. The Council is currently controlled by the Conservative Party. Other businesses in the county are dominated by mechanical engineering, including but not limited to metalworking, glassmaking and plastics and the service sector. The church of St Peter-on-the-Wall, Bradwell-on-Sea, The Grade I listed Hedingham Castle, with the best preserved Norman keep in the UK, Thaxted Guildhall, dating from around 1450, The 17th century Audley End House, Saffron Walden, Royal Corinthian Yacht Club, Burnham-on-Crouch, Hylands House, south of Writtle and south-west of Chelmsford, This article is about the county in England. Essex is home to two English Football League teams: Southend United and Colchester United. This resulted in Labour regaining second place in Essex, increasing their vote share across the county and cutting some Conservative majorities in areas which had been unaffected by the 1997 general election, namely Rochford and Southend East and Southend West. The north-west tip of Essex, the parishes of Great Chishill, Little Chishill and Heydon, were transferred to Cambridgeshire when the County Councils were created in 1889. Please look for them carefully. Annual expenditure can vary greatly, depending on the circumstances of the individual council. A historical region and Anglo-Saxon kingdom of southeast England. [6] These estuaries mean the county's North Sea coast is characterised by three major peninsulas, each named after the Hundred based on the peninsula: A consequence of these features is that the broad estuaries defining them have been a factor in preventing any transport infrastructure linking them to neighbouring areas on the other side of the river estuaries, to the north and south. But a campaign to turn the hackneyed clichés on their heads is fast gathering pace. Defunct teams include the Essex Pirates basketball team, as well as speedway teams the Lakeside Hammers (formerly Arena Essex Hammers), the Rayleigh Rockets and the Romford Bombers. What does ESSEX stand for? [57]. 2) contains popular domestic holiday destinations such as southend, shoeburyness and basildon . London Stadium, which was the host of the games, is located within the historical Essex boundaries. In 2014, Daniel Bruzy scored a goal in the world renowned football tournament "Coupe des Yvelines". What it means in Essex: To go to a salon and purchase a brown liquid, mousse, or cream for application to your skin, usually with a designated tanning mitten. Before this, the royal forest at various times included the forests of Writtle (near Chelmsford), long lost Kingswood (near Colchester),[36] Hatfield, and Waltham Forest. In 2008, The Daily Telegraph found Ingatestone and Brentwood to be the 14th- and 19th-richest towns in the UK respectively.[12]. es-sex, ess-ex] The baby boy name Essex is pronounced EH S-ihS †. Most administration was carried out by justices of the peace (JPs) appointed by the Lord-Lieutenant of Essex based upon their reputation. And I thought you were some Essex chaw-bacon! The Green Belt zone close to London includes many prosperous commuter towns, as well as the new towns of Basildon and Harlow, originally developed to resettle Londoners after the destruction of London housing in the Second World War; they have since been significantly developed and expanded. As of the 2019 general election, all 18 Essex seats are represented by Conservatives, all of which recorded absolute majorities (over 50% of the vote). Upon revealing his true identity, Fitzwalter gave his land to the priory on condition that a flitch should be awarded to any couple who could claim they were similarly devoted. The prior, impressed by their devotion, bestowed upon them a flitch of bacon. Essex (/ ˈ ɛ s ɪ k s /) is a county in the southeast of England, northeast of London.One of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south and London to the southwest. Click here to add the AudioEnglish.org dictionary. [26], Colchester became a Roman Colonia, with the official name Colonia Claudia Victricensis ('the City of Claudius' Victory'). A high proportion of the population, especially in the south, work outside the county, commuting to London and elsewhere by rail and by road. The 2017 County Council elections saw a county-wide wipeout of UKIP. Essex is the 20,161 st most popular name of all time. Essex could have had a second motorway called the M12 and this is what happened to it "The three-seax device is also used as the official logo of Essex County Council having been granted as such in 1932. What we stand for Our mission is: to continue to meet the principles of the NHS identified in 1948, that good healthcare should be available to all, regardless of ability to pay. The county has won 8 County Championship league titles; 6 of these were won during the dominant period between 1979 and 1992, with a gap of 25 years before the county's next title in 2017. These have included swimmer Mark Foster; cricket stars Trevor Bailey, Nasser Hussain, Alastair Cook and Graham Gooch; footballers Peter Taylor, James Tomkins, Justin Edinburgh, Nigel Spink; tennis stars John Lloyd and David Lloyd; Olympic Gold-winning gymnast Max Whitlock; Olympic sailing champion Saskia Clark; World Champion snooker stars Stuart Bingham and Steve Davis; world champion boxers Terry Marsh, Nigel Benn and Frank Bruno; London Marathon winner Eamonn Martin; international rugby players Malcolm O'Kelly and Stuart Barnes; Formula 1 sports car drivers Johnny Herbert and Perry McCarthy. Until 1935 authorities ): 1 251 000 ( 2003 est ) hockey team and the area widely... Area is widely known for its private schools multiple destinations in Europe on a voluntary basis sizeable following in,. 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